Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 02-09-2020

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Useful compilation of Civil Services oriented - Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 02-09-2020

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    • SECTION 1 - TEN NEWS HEADLINES
    1. Economy – GST revenue falls 12% in August at ₹86,449 crore – Goods and Services Tax revenue in August stood at ₹86,449 crore, just over 1% lower than the ₹87,422 crore collected in July. On a year-on-year basis, GST collections dropped 12% from August 2019. State-wise data shows that Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan have posted a marginal increase in collections, while Haryana and Rajasthan saw a marginal decrease. Major States still showing a significant drop include Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. Overall, revenues from import of goods dropped 23% from the previous year, while revenues from domestic transactions dropped 8%. The Ministry noted that small businesses with a turnover less than ₹5 crore have till September to file returns.
    2. Industry – Telcos get 10 years to pay AGR dues to govt. – The SC has allowed telecom companies 10 years’ time to pay their adjusted gross revenue (AGR) dues to the government. The government had proposed in court a 20-year “formula” for telcos to make staggered payments of the dues. The formula was devised after extensive discussions, even at the Cabinet level, taking into account the financial dent the dues would cause the telecom sector. Even after part payment, the dues still run to ₹1.43 lakh crore. An October 2019 judgment of the court in the AGR issue originally wanted the telcos to make the repayments in three months. The court had concluded that the private telecom sector had long reaped the fruits of the Centre’s liberalised mode of payment by revenue sharing regime.
    3. Economy – Manufacturing activity returns to expansion in August: PMI – Manufacturing activity re-entered the growth territory in August, driven by a rebound in production volumes and new work, amid an improvement in customer demand following the resumption of business operations. The headline seasonally-adjusted IHS Markit India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) rose from 46 in July to 52 in August, signalling an improvement in operating conditions across the manufacturing sector following four consecutive months of contraction. Despite an expansion in new orders, job shedding continued in the sector. The relocation of employees following COVID-19 pandemic was often linked to the reduction in staffing numbers. The survey noted the decline in foreign exports weighed slightly on overall new orders as firms cited subdued demand conditions from abroad.
    4. World – Millions in Europe head back to school – Millions of mask-wearing European children headed back to school on Tuesday (September 1) after summer holidays despite rising numbers of novel coronavirus infections, as Hong Kong rolled out a mass COVID-19 testing programme. Schools reopened in Russia, Ukraine, Belgium, England and France, where teachers and their pupils aged 11 and older were obliged to wear face coverings, echoing regulations in place across the continent. Russia’s 17 million school children returned to class as the country confirmed it had passed one million infections — still well behind the tally in the U.S., now higher than six million. Officials have drawn fire from parents and teachers worried that strict social distancing and other protective measures will not be enough to prevent a second wave of COVID-19.
    5. World – Turmeric shortage sparks concern in Lanka – A shortage of turmeric, a key ingredient in Sri Lankan cuisine, has sparked concern among consumers about supply amid soaring costs in recent months, after the government decided to restrict imports in the wake of the global coronavirus pandemic. While the government has capped maximum retail price of turmeric powder at LKR 750 (about ₹295) a kg, traders point to a black market where the spice is sold for almost five times the price. The Sri Lankan Navy has also busted attempts to smuggle in turmeric by sea. Last week alone, authorities recovered nearly 1,500 kg of dried turmeric in Norochcholai, some 150 km north of capital Colombo, on the island’s western coast. Despite the shortage and reports of shooting prices, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has said his government will not go back on its decision on import restriction.
    6. World – Protests erupt after police kill another black man in U.S. – U.S. police have shot dead another black man, who they said had a handgun but had dropped it during a violent altercation in Los Angeles, triggering fresh outrage as tensions soar over racism and police brutality. The man, named in local media as 29-year-old Dijon Kizzee, was riding his bicycle when Los Angeles County sheriff’s deputies tried to stop him for an unspecified vehicle code violation on Monday (August 31) afternoon. He fled on foot, and when officers caught up with him he punched one deputy in the face, dropping some items of clothing he was carrying, police said. The deputies noticed that inside the clothing items that he dropped was a black semi-automatic handgun, at which time a deputy-involved shooting occurred.
    7. World – Turkey renews call for talks, sharing of resources with Greece – Turkey’s Foreign Minister has said his country favours a dialogue with rival Greece that would lead to the fair sharing of resources in the eastern Mediterranean, where the two countries are locked in a tense standoff that threatens to spill into a conflict. Speaking at a news conference with his Algerian counterpart, Mevlut Cavusoglu also accused Greece of engaging in “provocative acts” in the region with the backing of the European Union, which has threatened sanctions against Ankara. Both countries’ forces have been conducting military exercises in the seas between Cyprus and the Greek island of Crete. The standoff was sparked when Turkey sent its research vessel, Oruc Reis, accompanied by warships to search for gas and oil reserves. Turkey has also extended Oruc Reis’ mission by another 10 days, until September 12.
    8. COVID-19 – 78,357 COVID-19 Cases In India In 24 Hours, Total Cases Cross 37 Lakh – A single-day spike of 78,357 cases has push India's coronavirus tally to 37,69,523. The death count has risen to 66,333 with 1,045 more fatalities. 29,01,908 patients have recovered from the infection in the country, pushing the recovery rate to 76.98 per cent. Maharashtra remains the state hit hardest by the pandemic, with 8,08,306 COVID-19 cases, including 24,903 deaths. Maharashttra is followed by three southern states - Andhra Pradesh, TN and Karnataka. India is the country with the third-highest coronavirus caseload in the world after the US and Brazil.
    9. Economy – To soften Covid-19 blow, India plans to extend MGNREGA to the cities – India is considering extending its flagship jobs program (MGNREGA) in villages to workers in cities left unemployed by the pandemic-induced lockdowns. The program, when approved, may be rolled out in smaller cities and initially cost about 350 billion rupees ($4.8 billion). PM Modi’s government is already spending more than 1 trillion rupees on a rural jobs program this year, under which workers in the hinterland can earn a guaranteed minimum daily wage of 202 rupees for at least 100 days a year.
    10. Internal Security – ‘Provocative action’ by PLA again: MEA – Chinese troops engaged in “provocative action” along the disputed boundary in Ladakh once again on August 31, even as Commanders of the two sides were in discussion to de-escalate the situation. As Brigadier-level talks continued for the second day in Chushul, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh held a high-level meeting to review the ground situation. A defence source said that on August 31, PLA troops came closer to the posts dominated by the Indian Army but “they were dissuaded”.
    Important Exam Notifications
    S. No.
    Institution
    Exam or Post Name
    Vacancies or Seats
    Qualification
    Last Date to Apply
    Link for Details
    1
    --
    Constable (Executive)
    5846
    10 + 2
    07-09-2020
    https://img.freejobalert.com/uploads/2020/08/Notification-SSC-Constable-Executive-Posts.pdf
    2
    NIPER, Ahmedabad
    Accounts Officer, Asst Registrar, Security Officer, System Engineer
    7
    10+2, Any Degree, PG
    18-09-2020
    https://niperarecruitments.in/documents/2020/Non-Faculty-Notification_Updated-on-29-08-2020.pdf
    3
    AIIMS, New Delhi
    Pharmacist, Nurse
    8
    High School, 12th Class, Degree, PG
    09-09-2020
    https://www.aiims.edu/images/pdf/recruitment/advertisement/pul.med1-31-8-20.pdf
    4
    AIIMS, Bhopal
    Consultant
    14
    --
    08-09-2020
    5
    Indian Air Force
    Airmen (Group X) (Technical Trade) (Odisha) 
    --
    10+2, Dip (Engg)
    10-09-2020
    https://airmenselection.cdac.in/CASB/img/upcoming/ANGUL%20(ODISHA)%20%20RALLY%20GP%20'X'.pdf
    6
    Indian Air Force
    Airmen (Group X) (Technical Trade) (Bangalore)
    --
    10+2, Dip (Engg)
    10-09-2020
    B.Sc (Sci), Diploma/ B.E/ B.Tech (Engg), M.Sc (Library Science)
    7
    South East Central Railway
    SMO & General Duty Medical Officer
    40
    MBBS, MD
    27-09-2020
    --
     
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      • SECTION 2 - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
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      • 1. CONSTITUTION AND LAW (Prelims, GS Paper 2, Essay paper)
    1.1 Review the criminal contempt laws in India with International Standards - ICJ
    • Issue –
    1. The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) has urged for a review of criminal contempt laws in India, expressing its concerns over the Supreme Court's decision to convict Advocate Prashant Bhushan for criminal contempt.
    • What was the decision of Supreme Court –
    1. The Court found Prashant Bhushan guilty of ‘scandalizing the court’ on a suo-motu consideration of his two tweets. It has fined him with Rs. 1. It held that tweets on its “role” in the “last six years” and a photograph of the Chief Justice of India on a motorbike undermines its dignity and the office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) in the public eye.
    • Legal background of contempt of court -
    1. Article 129 and 215 of the Constitution of India empowers the SC and HC respectively to punish people for their respective contempt.
    2. Article 142 of the Indian Constitution also empowers the SC to punish for its contempt but what is contempt of court per se has not been defined by the Indian Constitution.
    3. The Contempt of Court Act, 1971 elaborately deals with the concept of contempt of court. The Act divides contempt into civil and criminal contempt.
    • International Commission of Jurists’ views -
    1. Since 1952 International Commission of Jurists has performed a unique and prominent role as a Non Governmental Organization (NGO) defending human rights and the rule of law worldwide. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
    2. For the ICJ, the conviction appears to be inconsistent with international standards on freedom of expression and the role of lawyers. The judgement goes against the general protection of free speech and expression in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights  by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The judgement also goes against the principles enshrined under the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers.
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                      • 2. ECONOMY (Prelims, GS Paper 3, Essay paper
                    2.1 Eight core industries’ output contracts 9.6% in July
                    • Key point –  
                    • Contracting for the fifth consecutive month, the output of eight core infrastructure sectors dropped by 9.6 per cent in July due to decline mostly in production of steel, refinery products and cement.
                    • Highlights –
                    1. The production of eight core sectors had expanded by 2.6 per cent in July 2019.
                    2. Barring fertiliser, all seven sectors — coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, steel, cement and electricity — recorded negative growth in July.
                    3. The rate of contraction in the sectors, however, has come down from 37.9 per cent in April.
                    4. The output of steel, refinery products, cement, natural gas, coal, crude oil and electricity declined by 16.5 per cent, 13.9 per cent, 13.5 per cent, 10.2 per cent, 5.7 per cent, 4.9 per cent and 2.3 per cent, respectively.
                    5. On the other hand, the fertiliser sector output grew by 6.9 per cent during the month under review as against 1.5 per cent rise in July 2019.
                    6. During April-July 2020-21, the sector’s output dipped by 20.5 per cent as compared to a growth of 3.2 per cent in the same period previous year.
                    • Experts’ views –
                    1. Commenting on the numbers, one of the experts said that based on the available trends for the core sector, auto production and merchandise exports, “we expect the contraction in the Industrial Index of Production (IIP) to ease to 7-11 per cent in July 2020 from 16.6 per cent in June 2020”.
                    2. The eight core industries accounts for 40.27 per cent in the IIP. We continue to expect a multi-speed recovery going forward, characterised by regional and sectoral unevenness.

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                                                          • 3. ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY (Prelims, GS Paper 3, Essay paper)

                                                        3.1 Adani ranks as the largest solar power generation owner globally: Mercom
                                                        • Key point – 
                                                        1. The latest ranking of global solar companies by Mercom Capital ranks the Adani Group as number one global solar power generation asset owner in terms of operating solar projects.
                                                        • Important details –
                                                        • Adani said its renewable energy portfolio exceeds the total capacity installed by the entire United States solar industry in 2019 and will displace over 1.4 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide over the life of its assets.
                                                        • The group is one of the most fully integrated solar players in the world, manufacturing solar cells and modules, undertaking project development, construction, financial structuring and owning and operating its assets through its internal asset management platform.
                                                        • According to the ranking, Adani is roughly 70 per cent larger than the next largest global solar power generation company.
                                                        • Adani Green Energy Ltd (AGEL) established its first solar project in 2015. It 2017, the company completed two solar projects.
                                                        • It went public in 2018 and has accelerated its presence to reach the current milestone of being the largest solar player in the world in a short span of just five years with a stated target of reaching 25 gigawatts of renewable power by 2025.
                                                        • Adani anticipates that over the next decade several existing business models will be impacted as a result of the disruption caused by the intersection of the plummeting cost of renewable energy and the ability of technology to rescale industries.

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                                                                      • 4. FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Prelims, GS Paper 2, Essay paper)

                                                                    4.1 India pulls out of Russia military exercise with China, Pak over Covid

                                                                    • Key point –
                                                                    1. India will not send its contingent to the multinational military exercise Kavkaz-2020, being organised in Russia, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
                                                                    • Important details –
                                                                    1. Russia and India are privileged strategic partners. At Russia's invitation, India has been participating in many international events. However, due to COVID-19 and consequent difficulties in exercise, India has decided not to send a contingent this year to Kavkaz-2020.
                                                                    2. Both China and Pakistan are going to be a part of the multinational exercise.
                                                                    3. It is believed that China's participation in the exercise was also a reason for India to pull out of the multilateral tri-services military exercise.
                                                                    4. Sources say while India is locked in a military conflict with the Chinese in eastern Ladakh and on high alert all along the 4,000 kilometre Line of Actual Control (LAC), it cannot be business as usual for us to be participating in multilateral military exercises with them.
                                                                    5. India and China had clashed in the Galwan valley on June 15 in which 20 Indian troops had lost their lives while the Chinese also suffered a number of casualties with scores of Chinese soldiers killed and injured there.
                                                                    6. Sources added that Defence Minister would be visiting Russia on September 4-6 for the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation defence ministers' meeting but it is unlikely that the Indian representative would be holding any talks with his Chinese counterpart.
                                                                    7. India was invited by Russia to participate in the tri-services exercise with a contingent of around 200 personnel to southern Russia in September for the multi-lateral Kavkaz-2020.
                                                                    8. The exercise is being held in the Astrakhan province of Southern Russia where member countries of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and Central Asian countries would be participating.
                                                                    9. Exercise Tsentr, in 2019, had the participation of India, Pakistan and all SCO member-nations.
                                                                    10. India and China have been engaged in a territorial conflict in Eastern Ladakh and Sub Sector North (Ladakh) where Chinese troops have transgressed into multiple areas and are refusing to completely disengage in areas such as Finger, Depsang Plains and Gogra heights.
                                                                    11. Both sides have amassed over 40,000 troops on their respective side of the LAC with the induction of heavy weaponry including long-range artillery and tanks.
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                                                                                              • 5. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES (Prelims, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3)
                                                                                            5.1 Government gives nod to 27 integrated cold chain development projects under PM Kisan SAMPADA Yojana
                                                                                            • Key point –  
                                                                                            1. Government gave its nod to 27 projects today under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana for development of integrated cold chains and value addition infrastructure in the country.
                                                                                            2. SAMPADA is Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters.
                                                                                            • Highlights –
                                                                                            1. The new integrated cold chain projects will generate direct and indirect employment for over 16,000 people and benefit nearly 2,57,000 farmers.
                                                                                            2. Saving the perishable produce, by provisioning adequate infrastructure, will help in augmenting farmers’ incomes and will also act towards making India self-reliant in the fruits and vegetables sector.
                                                                                            3. The projects will help in streamlining the agricultural supply chain and generate direct and indirect employment opportunities in rural areas.
                                                                                            4. These 27 new projects will leverage a total investment of Rs 743 crore for the creation of modern, innovative infrastructure and effective cold chain facilities for the food processing sector across various states including Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, MP, Punjab, Rajasthan, TN and UP.
                                                                                            5. 85 Cold Chain Projects have also been considered for financial assistance under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana.
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                                                                                                              • 6. MISCELLANEOUS (Prelims, Various GS Papers)
                                                                                                            6.1 Weekly Round-up – Corporate World
                                                                                                            • General insurance companies ICICI Lombard & Bharti AXA announce merger - Private-sector general insurers ICICI Lombard and Bharti AXA general insurance have signed definitive agreements to combine their business. Bharti AXA is a joint venture between Bharti Enterprises and France-based AXA. ICICI Lombard is a JV between ICICI Bank and Canada-based Fairfax Financial Holdings Limited.
                                                                                                            • YES Bank announces sale of its mutual funds business to GPL Finance - YES Bank on August 21, 2020 said it has signed an agreement for the sale of 100% stake in two of its subsidiaries, YES Asset Management Limited (YES AMC) and YES Trustee Limited (YTL), to GPL Finance for an undisclosed amount. YES AMC is the asset management company of YES Mutual Fund and YTL is the trustee of YES Mutual Fund.
                                                                                                            • Religare Health Insurance Company renamed Care Health Insurance - Religare Enterprises said it has changed the name of its health insurance subsidiary to Care Health Insurance. “Name of Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd, subsidiary of the company, has been changed to Care Health Insurance Ltd with effect from August 19, 2020,” Religare Enterprises said in a regulatory filing.
                                                                                                            • Megha Engineering emerges as lowest bidder for Zojila Pass tunnel project - Megha Engineering & Infrastructure Ltd (MEIL) emerged as the lowest bidder for the 14.15 km long Zojila Pass tunnel to provide all-year connectivity between Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh union territories, the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (NHIDCL) said on August 21, 2020. Zojila Pass is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National Highway and remains closed during winters due to heavy snowfall.
                                                                                                            • AP teams up with NPCI, Canara Bank to boost digital payments in rural areas - Andhra Pradesh government has announced teaming up with the National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) and Canara Bank to empower over 15,000 village and ward secretariats with digital payments in the rural areas.
                                                                                                            • Khadi Essentials, Khadi Global served legal notices by KVIC for using Khadi brand - Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has issued legal notices to Khadi Essentials and Khadi Global. It has said that these two firms are unauthorizedly and fraudulently using the brand name ‘Khadi’.
                                                                                                            • Dream11 bags title sponsorship rights of IPL2020 for Rs 222 crore - Fantasy sports platform Dream11 on August 18, 2020 bagged the title sponsorship rights for the upcoming edition of the Indian Premier League (IPL) for Rs 222 crore. The sponsorship for IPL 2020 was up for grabs as the erstwhile title sponsor, Vivo, had decided to take a break from the tournament this season.
                                                                                                            • HSBC India launches Green Deposit programme to finance eco-friendly projects - HSBC India has launched a Green Deposit programme for corporate clients to finance eco-friendly projects such as such as renewable energy and clean transportation. The bank will provide customers with a quarterly report containing portfolio-level information regarding the use of the deposited funds.
                                                                                                            • IIT-Bombay, Shiv Nadar University develop eco-friendly lithium batteries - Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay and Shiv Nadar University claim to have developed a technology for production of environment friendly Lithium-Sulfur (Li-S) batteries which will be three times more energy efficient and cost effective than Lithium-ion batteries commonly used at present.
                                                                                                            • Axis Bank launches ‘Gig-a-Opportunities’ to hire up to 1,000 in a year - Axis Bank announced plans to employ nearly 1,000 people under its new hiring initiative ‘Gig-a-Opportunities’, a model devised to attract skilled talent that can work with the bank remotely, from anywhere in the country. This hiring model comprises two working patterns, first is full-time permanent job and the second is based on the duration of a project.
                                                                                                            • Fino Payments Bank launches Aadhaar authentication based digital savings account - Fino Payments Bank on August 18, 2020 launched an Aadhaar authentication based digital savings account called Jan Bachat Khata (JBK) for its consumers. JBK eliminates the need for debit card and PIN.
                                                                                                            • Anand Mahindra, Shantanu Narayen win USISPF’s Leadership Awards - The US-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF) will honour Mahindra group Chairman Anand Mahindra and Adobe Chairman and CEO Shantanu Narayen with its 2020 Leadership Awards in recognition of their exemplary vision towards promoting US-India bilateral ties.
                                                                                                            • RBI removes restrictions on Bandhan Bank CEO’s salary - Bandhan Bank Ltd on August 17, 2020 said the Reserve Bank of India has withdrawn the freeze it had imposed on the remuneration of its chief executive Chandra Shekhar Ghosh in 2018 after the private sector bank’s holding company, Bandhan Financial Holdings Ltd (BFHL), brought down the promoter shareholding to below 40% by selling its stake to multiple investors.
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                                                                                                                                              • 7. POLITY (Prelims, GS Paper 2)
                                                                                                                                            7.1 Not Available Today

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                                                                                                                                                                          • 8. SOCIAL ISSUES (Prelims, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2)

                                                                                                                                                                        8.1 Indian power market goes green with launch of pan-India GTAM in electricity
                                                                                                                                                                        •  Key point – 
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Indian power market has gone green today with the launch of pan-India Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) in electricity. The introduction of GTAM platform would lessen the burden on Renewable Energy-rich States.
                                                                                                                                                                        2. The GTAM platform will lead to an increase in the number of participants in the renewable energy sector.
                                                                                                                                                                        3. It will benefit buyers of renewable energy through competitive prices and transparent and flexible procurement.
                                                                                                                                                                        4. It will also benefit renewable energy sellers by providing access to the pan-India market.
                                                                                                                                                                        5. GTAM contracts will allow additional avenues to the renewable energy generators for sale of energy.
                                                                                                                                                                        6. Government’s target of 175 Gigawatt renewable energy capacity by 2022 is driving accelerated renewable penetration pan-India.
                                                                                                                                                                        7. Other products to be introduced in the power market for the promotion of renewable energy are in the pipeline and would be introduced soon.
                                                                                                                                                                        • Key features of GTAM –
                                                                                                                                                                        1. GTAM contracts will be segregated into Solar RPO and non-Solar RPO as RPO targets are also segregated.
                                                                                                                                                                        2. Further, within the two segments, GTAM contracts will have Green Intraday, Day Ahead Contingency, Daily and Weekly Contracts.
                                                                                                                                                                        3. Green Intraday Contract and Day Ahead Contingency Contract – Bidding will take place on a 15-minute time-block wise MW basis.
                                                                                                                                                                        4. Daily and weekly contracts – Bidding will take place on an MWh basis. Both buyers and sellers can submit the bid, however, the seller will provide a profile in terms of a 15-minute time block-wise quantity (MW) along with the price (Rs/MWh).
                                                                                                                                                                        5. After the contract gets executed scheduling will take place as per the profile. In case of multiple buyers, the profile will get allocated on a pro-rata basis.
                                                                                                                                                                        6. Price discovery will take place on a continuous basis i.e. price-time priority basis. Subsequently, looking at the market conditions open auction can be introduced for daily & weekly contracts.
                                                                                                                                                                        7. Energy scheduled through the GTAM contract shall be considered as deemed RPO compliance of the buyer.
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                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 9. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (Prelims, GS Paper 3)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    9.1 Indian Astronomers discover one of the farthest Star galaxies in the universe
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Key point –
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. As a landmark achievement in Space missions, Indian Astronomers have discovered one of the farthest Star galaxies in the universe.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Highlights –
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Sharing this information, the officials have said that it is a matter of pride that India’s first Multi-Wavelength Space Observatory "AstroSat" has detected extreme-UV light from a galaxy located 9.3 billion light-years away from Earth.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. The galaxy called AUDFs01 was discovered by a team of Astronomers led by Dr Kanak Saha from the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics(IUCAA) Pune.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. The importance and uniqueness of this original discovery can be made out from the fact that it has been reported in the leading international journal “Nature Astronomy” published from Britain.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    4. India's AstroSat/UVIT was able to achieve this unique feat because the background noise in the UVIT detector is much less than one on the Hubble Space Telescope of US based NASA.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    5. India’s first Space Observatory AstroSat, which has made this discovery, was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on September 28, 2015 during the first term of the Modi Government.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    6. It was developed by a team led by ShyamTandon, Ex Emeritus Professor, IUCAA with the full support of ISRO.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Experts’ view –
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Experts believe that this discovery is a very important clue to how the dark ages of the Universe ended and there was light in the Universe. We need to know when this started, but it has been very hard to find the earliest sources of light.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 10. FACTS, CHARTS, RANKINGS and EDITORIALS (Prelims + GS Mains)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10.1 Not Available Today
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10.2 Daily dose of  FIVE Facts -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Soma Mondal has been selected by the Public Enterprises Selection Board as the next chairman of SAIL.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The World Elephant Day was observed on August 12.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • According to Global Manufacturing Risk Index (MRI) of Cushman & Wakefield India ranked THIRD in the list of most-suitable locations for global manufacturing among 48 countries.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The theme of the 2020 International Day of Cooperatives was Cooperatives for Climate Action.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Indian Oil launched battery swapping facility called Quick Interchange Station (QIS) at its petrol pumps.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10.3 Today's best editorials to read
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • We offer you 7 excellent editorials from across 10 newspapers we have scanned. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CLICK HERE TO OPEN AND READ!

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SECTION 3 - MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Solve the online quiz given, right now. Check scores, and relative performance!





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2020,25,February 2021,23,Federalism,2,Flora and fauna,3,Foreign affairs,491,Foreign exchange,8,Formal and informal economy,7,Fossil fuels,10,Fundamentals of the Indian Economy,10,Games SportsEntertainment,1,GDP GNP PPP etc,8,GDP-GNP PPP etc,1,GDP-GNP-PPP etc,4,Gender inequality,6,Geography,10,Global trade,10,Global treaties,1,Global warming,124,Goverment decisions,4,Governance and Institution,1,Governance and Institutions,638,Governance and Schemes,221,Governane and Institutions,1,Government decisions,192,Government Finances,2,Government Politics,1,Government schemes,327,GS I,93,GS II,66,GS III,38,GS IV,23,GST,8,Habitat destruction,2,Headlines,22,Health and medicine,1,Health and medicine,56,Healtha and Medicine,1,Healthcare,1,Healthcare and Medicine,73,Higher education,7,Hindu individual editorials,54,Hinduism,9,History,172,Honours and Awards,1,Human rights,230,IMF-WB-WTO-WHO-UNSC etc,1,Immigration,6,Immigration and citizenship,1,Important Concepts,52,Important Concepts.UPSC Mains GS III,3,Important Dates,1,Important Days,35,India,28,India Agriculture and related issues,1,India's Constitution,14,India's independence struggle,19,India's international relations,3,India’s international relations,7,Indian Agriculture and related issues,9,Indian and world media,4,Indian Economy,1080,Indian Economy – Banking credit finance,1,Indian Economy – Corporates,1,Indian Economy.GDP-GNP-PPP etc,1,Indian Geography,1,Indian history,28,Indian judiciary,112,Indian Politcs,1,Indian Politics,544,Indian Politics – Post-independence India,1,Indian Polity,1,Indian Polity and Governance,2,Indian Society,1,Indias,1,Indias international affairs,1,Indias international relations,19,Indices and Statistics,97,Indices and Statstics,1,Industries and services,9,Inequalities,2,Inequality,101,Inflation,26,Infra projects and financing,5,Infrastructure,231,Infrastruture,1,Institutions,1,Institutions and bodies,249,Institutions and bodies Panchayati Raj,1,Institutionsandbodies,1,Instiutions and 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technology,11,Nuclear weapons,5,October 2020,24,Oil economies,1,Organisations and treaties,1,Organizations and treaties,1,Pakistan,2,Pandemic,134,Parks reserves sanctuaries,1,Parliament and Assemblies,11,People and Persoalities,1,People and Persoanalities,2,People and Personalites,1,People and Personalities,149,Personalities,46,Persons and achievements,1,Pillars of science,1,Planning and management,1,Political bodies,1,Political parties and leaders,20,Political philosophies,19,Political treaties,3,Polity,480,Pollution,49,Post independence India,12,Post-Governance in India,17,post-Independence India,39,Post-independent India,1,Poverty,44,Prelims,1982,Prelims CSAT,30,Prelims GS I,7,Prelims Paper I,135,Primary and middle education,5,Private bodies,1,Products and innovations,4,Protectionism and Nationalism,19,Racism,1,Rainfall,1,Rainfall and Monsoon,3,RBI,68,Reformers,2,Regional Conflicts,58,Regional Economy,13,Regional leaders,33,Regional leaders.UPSC Mains GS II,1,Regional Politics,116,Regional Politics – Regional leaders,1,Regionalism and nationalism,1,Regulator bodies,1,Regulatory bodies,41,Religion,32,Religion – Hinduism,1,Renewable energy,3,Reports,99,Reports and Rankings,119,Reservations and affirmative,1,Reservations and affirmative action,33,Revolutionaries,1,Rights and duties,11,Roads and Railways,3,Russia,1,schemes,1,Science and Techmology,1,Science and Technology,744,Science and Tehcnology,1,Sciene and Technology,1,Separatism and insurgencies,2,September 2020,26,September 2021,444,Social Issue,2,Social issues,1186,Social media,3,South Asia,5,Space technology,65,Startups and entrepreneurship,1,Statistics,4,Study material,280,Super powers,5,Super-powers,20,TAP 2020-21 Sessions,3,Taxation,36,Taxation and revenues,12,Technology and environmental issues in India,16,Telecom,1,Terroris,1,Terrorism,90,Terrorist organisations and leaders,1,Terrorist acts,8,Terrorist acts and leaders,1,Terrorist organisations and leaders,13,Terrorist organizations and leaders,1,The Hindu editorials analysis,58,Tournaments,1,Tournaments and competitions,5,Trade barriers,2,Trade blocs,1,Treaties and Alliances,1,Treaties and Protocols,18,Trivia and Miscalleneous,1,Trivia and miscellaneous,38,UN,106,Union budget,4,United Nations,4,UPSC Mains GS I,538,UPSC Mains GS II,3395,UPSC Mains GS III,2609,UPSC Mains GS IV,175,US,61,USA,2,Warfare,12,World and Indian Geography,24,World Economy,340,World figures,28,World Geography,15,World History,20,World Poilitics,1,World Politics,499,World Powers,1,WTO,1,WTO and regional pacts,2,अंतर्राष्ट्रीय संस्थाएं,10,गणित सिद्धान्त पुस्तिका,13,तार्किक कौशल,10,निर्णय क्षमता,2,नैतिकता और मौलिकता,24,प्रौद्योगिकी पर्यावरण मुद्दे,15,बोधगम्यता के मूल तत्व,2,भारत का प्राचीन एवं मध्यकालीन इतिहास,47,भारत का स्वतंत्रता संघर्ष,19,भारत में कला वास्तुकला एवं साहित्य,11,भारत में शासन,18,भारतीय कृषि एवं संबंधित मुद्दें,10,भारतीय संविधान,14,महत्वपूर्ण हस्तियां,6,यूपीएससी मुख्य परीक्षा,90,यूपीएससी मुख्य परीक्षा जीएस,117,यूरोपीय,6,विश्व इतिहास की मुख्य घटनाएं,16,विश्व एवं भारतीय भूगोल,24,स्टडी मटेरियल,265,स्वतंत्रता-पश्चात् भारत,14,
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PT's IAS Academy: Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 02-09-2020
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Useful compilation of Civil Services oriented - Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 02-09-2020
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