Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 30-07-2020

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Useful compilation of Civil Services oriented - Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 30-07-2020

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    • SECTION 1 - TEN NEWS HEADLINES
  1. COVID-19 – Night curfew to end under Unlock 3 norms, says MHA Gymnasium and yoga institutes will open from August 5 and night curfew will end even as educational institutions, metro rail services and cinema halls will remain shut till the end of August. Swimming pools and entertainment parks will remain shut and all kinds of social, political or religious gatherings are prohibited. The MHA said the lockdown measures were to be strictly enforced in containment zones till August 31. The lockdown, first imposed in March in the wake of COVID-19, has been relaxed considerably over the past three months. The total number of cases has surged past 15 lakh, and more than 34,000 deaths have been reported.
  2. Education – 4-year UG courses in, M.Phil. out in new education policyThe new National Education Policy will introduce four-year undergraduate degrees with multiple entry and exit options, abolish the M.Phil. Degree, and establish a common higher education regulator with fee fixation for both private and public institutions. It also envisions universalisation of early childhood education from ages 3 to 6 by 2030, a new school curriculum with coding and vocational studies from Class 6, and a child’s mother tongue being used as the medium of instruction till Class 5. This is the first new education policy in 34 years, and was a poll promise of the BJP in 2014.
  3. COVID-19 – COVID-19 fatality rate at 2.23%: govt. India’s COVID-19 Case Fatality Rate (CFR) stands at 2.23% on Wednesday (July 29), the lowest since April 1, 2020. The Ministry added that “the successful implementation of effective containment strategy, aggressive testing and standardised clinical management protocols based on holistic standard of care approach have resulted in a consistent trend of more than 30,000 recoveries/day for the sixth consecutive day.” The Ministry noted that the total number of recovered cases is fast approaching 1 million, with 35,286 patients having been discharged in the last 24 hours. The total recoveries have jumped to 9,88,029. The recovery rate has reached another high of 64.51% amongst COVID-19 patients. With the consistent increase in recoveries, the gap between recovered patients and active cases currently stands at 4,78,582.
  4. Economy – States face fresh pressure for GST rate rationalisationStates are under fresh pressure to agree to rationalisation of GST rates by reworking slabs and raising the levy on garments and footwear as the Centre has got legal opinion to back its claim that it does not have a liability of paying compensation to the states that fail to increase collections by 14%. While officials at the Centre and the states have maintained this argument for months, last winter, state finance ministers had opposed any attempt to rationalise the levies at a meeting of the GST Council. Sources at the Centre argued that the 101st Amendment provides for five-year compensation to the states for “revenue loss” due to implementation of GST. “Revenue loss” has been defined to mean an annual collection growth of 14%, which was based on the higher growth rates seen during earlier years.
  5. World – Turkey approves new social media lawTurkey adopted a new social media law on Wednesday (July 29) that critics say will create a “chilling effect” on dissenting voices who have resorted to Twitter and other online platforms as the government tightened its grip on mainstream media. The law was backed by President Tayyip Erdogan’s AK Party and its nationalist allies to make foreign social media sites more accountable. It requires them to appoint a local representative to address authorities’ concerns. The law would allow Turkish authorities to remove content from platforms rather than blocking access as they have done in the past. Companies, including Facebook and YouTube that do not comply could have their bandwidth slashed by up to 90%, essentially blocking access, and face other penalties.
  6. COVID-19 – Deaths surge in U.S.; China cases jump COVID-19 deaths in the U.S. surged to their highest level in months on Wednesday (July 29) as Muslim pilgrims began a pandemic-curtailed version of their sacred Haj. The human toll of the disease in the U.S. hit a magnitude not seen since mid-May with nearly 1,600 deaths recorded in 24 hours for the world’s hardest-hit country. Meanwhile China, where the deadly pathogen was first detected late last year, reported its highest single-day case total in three months. Residents in the semi-autonomous city of Hong Kong were adjusting to their strictest social-distancing measures yet over fears a “large-scale” outbreak could overwhelm hospitals. COVID-19 has claimed 6,60,000 lives and infected more than 16.7 million people across the globe, although experts believe the true infection rate could be wildly higher.
  7. Economy – Fed repeats pledge to keep rates low amid coronavirus falloutThe US Federal Reserve has left rates at near-nil and repeated a pledge to use its “full range of tools” to support the economy as it tries to recover from the fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic. All members of the committee voted to leave the target range for short-term interest rates at between 0 and 0.25 per cent, where it has been since March 15 when the US was hit by the pandemic. The Fed also said it would continue to buy at least $120 billion (Dh440.75bn) in US Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities each month to steady the financial markets.
  8. Polity & Governance – UP Sunni Waqf Board forms trust to build mosqueThe UP Sunni Central Waqf Board has formed a 15-member-trust to look after the construction of a mosque on five acres of land allotted by the Supreme Court that paved the way for a Ram Temple in Ayodhya town in a landmark verdict last year. The trust is named as Indo Islamic Cultural Foundation, which will ensure the development of the allocated land in Dhannipur village in Ayodhya, which the board accepted in February 2020. In November 2019, the top court directed the Centre to set up a trust for the construction of a temple at the 2.77 acre disputed site in Ayodhya, and allot an alternative five-acre plot to the Sunni Central Waqf Board for building a new mosque.
  9. Government Schemes – Pawan Hans launches helicopter flights on Dehradun-Gauchar route in Uttarakhand under UDAN schemePawan Hans Limited (PHL) has launched the first helicopter service on the Dehradun-New Tehri-Srinagar-Gauchar route in Uttarakhand under the UDAN scheme of the central government. The new service by Pawan Hans will enable connectivity between Dehradun, New Tehri, Srinagar and Gauchar. New helicopter services will enhance the aerial connectivity between hilly regions in Uttarakhand and bring down the average travel time by 20-25 minutes. The service will also benefit the Chaar Dhaam Yatra pilgrims.
  10. Defence – Rafales arrive at Ambala airbaseForty-six months after a €7.87 billion contract was signed with France, the first five of the 36 Rafale fighter jets landed at the Ambala airbase on Wednesday (July 29). A formal induction ceremony of the Rafale aircraft in 17 Squadron is scheduled for the second half of August. The Rafale gives a capability boost to the IAF with its armaments and comes at a time of tensions with China on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Eastern Ladakh.
Important Exam Notifications
S. No.
Institution
Exam or Post Name
Vacancies or Seats
Qualification
Last Date to Apply
Link for Details
1

--
Combined Medical Services Exam 2020
559
MBBS
AUG-18-2020
http://www.freejobalert.com/upsc-recruitment/16960/#CMS-2020
2
IIT, Delhi
Caretaker, Jr Super., Sr Mechanic, Lab. Asst
45
Diploma, Degree, PG
AUG-24-2020
https://home.iitd.ac.in/uploads/Updated-Advt-No.E-II.01.2020-(DR)-English-Full.pdf
3
ICMR-NITM
Research Assistant, Lab Tech. & Lab Attendant
17
SSLC/10th, B.Sc. MLT
JULY 30--2020
http://www.icmrnitm.res.in/uploads/Advertisement_24_07_2020.pdf
4
ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad
Professor, Super Specialist, Sr Resident, Jr Resident
    120
MBBS, PG Degree/ Diploma
 AUG-7-2020
https://www.esic.nic.in/attachments/recruitmentfile/5db4a6a152ae6f1b59234f3603fc3e95.pdf
5
ONGC
Trade and Technician Apprentice
 4182
ITI, Dip. (Engg), Degree
AUG-17-2020
http://www.freejobalert.com/ongc/18768/#Apprentice01-2020
6
Indian Army
Soldier GD (Women Military Police)
99
10th Class or equivalent
31-08-2020
http://www.freejobalert.com/army-soldier/854199/#Soldier-GD
7
Govt General Hospital, Ananthapuramu
Staff Nurse, Lab Technician, ECG Technician, Pharmacist
1851
GNM, Diploma, ITI, Degree
AUG-7-2020
https://cdn.s3waas.gov.in/s333e8075e9970de0cfea955afd4644bb2/uploads/2020/07/2020072867.pdf
 
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    • SECTION 2 - DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
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    • 1. CONSTITUTION AND LAW (Prelims, GS Paper 2, Essay paper)
1.1 Not Available Today
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                • 2. ECONOMY (Prelims, GS Paper 3, Essay paper
              2.1 FM Nirmla Sitharaman attends 5th Annual Meeting of Board of Governors of AIIB

              • Key point –
              1. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman attends the 5th Annual Meeting of Board of Governors of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
              2. During the meet, the discussions were focused on official business, including a roundtable discussion on the theme ‘AIIB 2030- Supporting Asia’s Development over the Next Decade’ and election of AIIB President.
              • Highlights –
              1. As lead speaker Sitharaman appreciated AIIB’s efforts for fast tracking financial assistance of about $10 Billion to its member countries including India to combat COVID-19 pandemic.
              2. Sitharaman mentioned about PM Modi’s initiative of creating a COVID-19 Emergency Fund for SAARC Nations and India’s efforts in supplying critical medical health kits to tackle the COVID-19, and now supporting global efforts of COVID-19 vaccine trials.
              3. She mentioned that to give a boost to the infrastructure development, India has launched the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) 2020-2025 with estimated expenditure of $1.4 trillion that has created a plethora of fresh investment opportunities for AIIB’s partnerships.
              4. The FM also highlighted Indian government’s participation in the ‘G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative’.
              5. She outlined various measures taken by the Indian government to respond to the pandemic, including Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKP) of USD 23 billion and Atma Nirbhar Bharat Package (ANBP) of USD 295 billion, which aims at protecting all the sections and sectors of the economy.
              6. She also mentioned about easing of the monetary policy by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), especially reduced reserve requirements and introducing the liquidity in the economy to the extent of all most 3.9% of GDP.
              2.2 Other major happenings 
              1. PFC ties up with IIT-Kanpur for research, training in smart grid technology.
              2. CSIR, Unnat Bharat Abhiyan-IIT Delhi and Vijnana Bharati sign a tripartite MoU aimed at adoption of CSIR technologies for rural development.

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                                              • 3. ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY (Prelims, GS Paper 3, Essay paper)

                                            3.1 At 2,967 tigers, India’s capacity at peak. International Tiger Day celebrated on July 29.
                                            • Key point –
                                            1. Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has released the report of the Tiger Census on eve of Global Tiger Day.
                                            2. The country today has 70% of the world's tiger population.
                                            • Highlights –
                                            1. India has 2,967 tigers, a third more than in 2014, according to results of a census made public on July 29 last year. The present survey is a more granular estimate of these numbers.
                                            2. Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
                                            3. Chhattisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in tiger population and all other States saw a “positive” increase.
                                            4. Ministry was working on a programme to provide water and fodder to animals at the forest itself to deal with the challenge of human-animal conflict that was causing the death of animals.
                                            5. For this, Lidar-based survey technology will be used for the first time.
                                            6. Lidar is a method of measuring distance by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflection with a sensor.

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                                                      • 4. FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Prelims, GS Paper 2, Essay paper)

                                                    4.1 China orders US consulate closure in tit-for-tat move

                                                    • Key points –
                                                    1. China has ordered the closure of the US consulate in the south-western city of Chengdu, in a tit-for-tat escalation between the two countries.
                                                    2. China said the move was in response to the US closing its consulate in Houston, and accused staff in Chengdu of meddling in its internal affairs.
                                                    3. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US decision was taken because China was "stealing" intellectual property.
                                                    4. Tensions have been rising between the US and China over several key issues.
                                                    5. Trump's administration has clashed repeatedly with Beijing over trade and the coronavirus pandemic, as well as China's imposition of a controversial new security law in Hong Kong.
                                                    • Why did the US order the Chinese consulate to close –
                                                    1. The move came after unidentified individuals were filmed burning paper in bins in the building's courtyard.
                                                    2. The US accused China of stealing "not just American intellectual property, but European intellectual property too – costing hundreds of thousands of jobs".
                                                    3. The Chinese consulate in Houston was one of five in the US, along with the embassy in Washington DC. It was not clear why it was singled out.
                                                    4. In a further US move, four Chinese nationals have been charged with visa fraud for allegedly lying about their membership of China's armed forces.
                                                    • What about Hong Kong –
                                                    1. China's imposition of a sweeping security law there is also a source of tension with the US and the UK, which ruled the territory until 1997.
                                                    2. In response, the US has revoked Hong Kong's special trading status, which allowed it to avoid tariffs imposed on Chinese goods by the US.
                                                    3. The US and UK see the security law as a threat to the freedoms Hong Kong has enjoyed under a 1984 agreement between China and the UK - before sovereignty reverted to Beijing.
                                                    4. The UK has angered China by outlining a route to UK citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kong residents.
                                                    5. China responded by threatening to stop recognising a type of British passport - BNO - held by many of those living in Hong Kong.
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                                                                            • 5. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES (Prelims, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3)
                                                                          5.1 Not Available Today
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                                                                                        • 6. MISCELLANEOUS (Prelims, Various GS Papers)
                                                                                      6.1 Weekly Roundup: World Affairs
                                                                                      • U.S. says no new foreign students for all-online classes - The United States announced on July 24, 2020 it will not take in any new foreign students seeking online-only study. New foreign students will be barred from entering the United States if they plan to take their classes entirely online this fall.
                                                                                      • U.S. adds 11 Chinese companies to economic blacklist over treatment of Uighurs - The U.S. Commerce Department on July 20, 2020 added 11 Chinese companies to the U.S. economic blacklist for using forced labour by Uighurs and other Muslim minority groups in Xinjiang province.  Blacklisted firms cannot buy components from U.S. companies without U.S. government approval.
                                                                                      • UK’s PM Boris Johnson launches Jet Zero Council to tackle aviation emissions - UK’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson on July 22, 2020 launched Jet Zero Council to tackle aviation emissions as part of a wider 350-million pounds plan to step up efforts to tackle climate change. The Council will assist aerospace industry in developing the first-ever zero emission long-haul passenger plane. 
                                                                                      • UK opens route to obtaining British citizenship for Hong Kong residents - Britain’s government on July 22, 2020 announced that it will open a new special pathway to obtaining British citizenship for eligible residents from Hong Kong from January 2021. Holders of the British National Overseas passport and their immediate family members can move to the U.K. to work and study. 
                                                                                      • Britain suspends its extradition arrangements with Hong Kong - Britain’s government suspended its extradition arrangements with Hong Kong on July 20, 2020, after China imposed a tough new national security law. UK’s Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said “We will stand up for our values and we will hold to China to its international obligations.”
                                                                                      • Ethiopia, Egypt, Sudan to restart talks on Grand Renaissance Dam on Nile - Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan on July 21, 2020 agreed to resume talks to break a deadlock on the Grand Renaissance Dam reservoir on the Blue Nile. Sudan and Egypt both fear that Ethiopia’s $4 billion hydroelectric dam could lead to water shortages in their own countries.
                                                                                      • EU leaders agree on 1.82 trillion-euro budget, 750-billion-euro coronavirus fund - European Union leaders clinched an unprecedented 1.82 trillion-euro budget and agreed to set up 750-billion-euro coronavirus recovery fund on July 21, 2020 at the Summit held in Brussels. The coronavirus fund will be used to provide loans and grants to the countries hit hardest by the virus.
                                                                                      • Vietnam bans all imports of wildlife dead or alive - The Vietnam government on July 23, 2020 banned all imports of wildlife dead or alive and announced tougher penalties for crimes involving the trade in wildlife. Vietnam has been a popular destination for wildlife products – often from endangered species – that are used in traditional medicine or in preparing exotic cuisine.
                                                                                      • Sri Lanka to research “Ravana’s aviation routes” - Sri Lanka’s aviation authority has said it will lead a research project to study the mythological character Ravana’s “aviation routes”. In a recent newspaper advertisement, the Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka has sought any relevant documents and literature from the public, asking them to contact an email ID and phone number to research the topic “King Ravana and the ancient domination of aerial routes now lost”. Sri Lanka named its first satellite, launched into orbit last June, ‘Ravana-1’. 
                                                                                      • Australia rejects Beijing’s claims in South China Sea in a formal declaration to UN - Australia has rejected Beijing’s territorial and maritime claims in the South China Sea in a formal declaration to the UN on July 23, 2020. Australia said there was “no legal basis” to several disputed Chinese claims in the sea, including those related to the construction of artificial islands on small shoals and reefs. 
                                                                                      • Pakistanis lead al-Qaida faction, other terrorist groups in Asia: UN report - Pakistani nationals remain at the leadership levels in terror groups such as al-Qaida in the Indian Subcontinent, Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and Khorasan (ISIL-K) and Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, and many of them are yet to be blacklisted, according to a UN report. This was revealed in the 26th report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team concerning ISIL, al-Qaida and associated individuals and entities.
                                                                                      • Ravi Shankar Prasad addresses virtual G20 Digital Economy Ministers meeting - Union electronics and IT minister Ravi Shankar Prasad addressed the virtual G20 Digital Economy Ministers meeting on July 22, 2020. Prasad said that countries have a sovereign right over data to protect privacy of citizens. He also said that digital platforms which operate across multiple geographies must become trustworthy, safe and secure. 
                                                                                      • USIBC’s India Ideas Summit organised virtually by U.S. Chamber of Commerce - The U.S.-India Business Council’s India Ideas Summit was organised virtually by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce on July 22, 2020. Summit speakers included U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo; Minister of External Affairs S. Jaishankar, Ambassador of India to the United States Taranjit Singh Sandhu, U.S. Ambassador to India Ken Juster.
                                                                                      • Dr. Harsh Vardhan participates in SCO Health Minister’s Digital Meet - Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare participated in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Health Minister’s Digital Meet on July 24, 2020. The ongoing COVID crisis was the key topic of discussion. 
                                                                                      • Piyush Goyal participates in BRICS Trade Ministers virtual meeting - Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal participated in the 10th BRICS Trade Ministers virtual meeting on July 23, 2020. He said that intellectual property rights should not block access to critical medicines and other devices required for the treatment of coronavirus pandemic.
                                                                                      • Indian Navy conducts Passage Exercise with US Navy in Indian Ocean - Indian naval ships on July 20, 2020 conducted a Passage Exercise (PASSEX) with the US Navy carrier strike group, led by USS Nimitz, near the Andaman and Nicobar (A&N) islands in the Indian Ocean. Objective of PASSEXs is to improve interoperability with navies of friendly nations. 
                                                                                      • EESL, USAID jointly launch RAISE initiative to improve workspace air quality - R K Singh, the Minister for Power, New & Renewable Energy, launched Retrofit of Air-conditioning to improve Indoor Air Quality for Safety and Efficiency (RAISE)- a joint initiative of EESL and USAID (U.S. Agency for International Development) – on July 20, 2020. Singh said RAISE initiative can potentially alleviate the issue of bad air quality in workspaces and pioneer ways to make them healthier and greener.
                                                                                      • Legislation slamming Chinese aggression passed by US House of Representatives - The US House of Representatives on July 20, 2020 unanimously passed an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), slamming China’s aggression against India in the Galwan Valley and its growing territorial assertiveness in and around disputed areas like the South China Sea. 
                                                                                      • US House urges China to de-escalate situation with India along LAC - The US House of Representatives on July 21, 2020 passed a bipartisan legislation, urging China to peacefully de-escalate the situation with India along the Line of Actual Control. The resolution was sponsored by Indian-American Congressman Raja Krishnamoorthi along with eight others.
                                                                                      • India extends $400 mn currency swap facility to Sri Lanka till November 2022 - The Reserve Bank of India in a significant move has signed necessary documents for extending $ 400 million currency swap facility to the Central Bank of Sri Lanka. This currency swap arrangement will remain available till November 2022. 
                                                                                      • Centre imposes restrictions on bidders from nations sharing land borders - Union government on July 23, 2020 amended the General Financial Rules, 2017 to enable imposition of restrictions on bidders from countries which share a land border with India. The restrictions on public procurement from such countries can be imposed for reasons of national security and other factors directly or indirectly related to the country’s defence. 
                                                                                      • India-EU Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation renewed - India and European Union have renewed its Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation for the next five years (2020-2025). The Agreement was initially signed in on 23 November 2001 and renewed two times in past in 2007 and 2015. The cooperation has been focused on water, green transport, e-mobility, clean energy, bio-economy, health, and ICT.
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                                                                                                    • 7. POLITY (Prelims, GS Paper 2)
                                                                                                  7.1 Not Available Today

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                                                                                                                            • 8. SOCIAL ISSUES (Prelims, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2)

                                                                                                                          8.1 World Hepatitis Day 2020


                                                                                                                          • Key points –
                                                                                                                          1. On July 28, World Hepatitis Day is commemorated every year in order to increase the awareness of viral hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver which causes a series of health problems, including liver cancer.
                                                                                                                          2. An estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C virus infection globally.
                                                                                                                          3. Most of those who are chronically infected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
                                                                                                                          4. According to WHO, an estimated 4.5 million premature deaths can be prevented in low- and middle-income countries by 2030 by vaccination, diagnostic tests, medicines and education campaigns.
                                                                                                                          5. WHO’s global hepatitis strategy aims at reducing new hepatitis infections by 90% and deaths by 65% between 2016 and 2030.
                                                                                                                          • Important details –
                                                                                                                          1. According to WHO, ‘325 million people are living with viral hepatitis B and C globally’.
                                                                                                                          2. A total of 9 lakh people die every year due to hepatitis B virus infection.
                                                                                                                          3. There are five main strains of the hepatitis virus A, B, C, D and E.
                                                                                                                          4. Hepatitis B and C combined are the most common cause of deaths, accounting to 1.3 million lives lost each year.
                                                                                                                          5. Antiviral medicines are capable of curing more than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, therefore reducing the risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer, but access to diagnosis and treatment remains low.
                                                                                                                          6. Till now, no effective vaccine against hepatitis C has been made; nevertheless, research is being carried out.
                                                                                                                          • Causes of Hepatitis – 
                                                                                                                          1. Hepatitis A and E are mostly caused by the intake of contaminated food and water.
                                                                                                                          2. Hepatitis B, C and D usually occur after coming in contact with infected blood and body fluids. 
                                                                                                                          • World Hepatitis Day 2020 theme –
                                                                                                                          1. The theme of World Hepatitis Day 2020 is ‘Hepatitis-free future,’ with a strong focus on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and new-borns.
                                                                                                                          2. Last year, the theme of World Hepatitis Day was ‘Invest in eliminating hepatitis’. 
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                                                                                                                                              • 9. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (Prelims, GS Paper 3)
                                                                                                                                            9.1 UK - Oxford University coronavirus vaccine safe, induces immune response, says Lancet study.

                                                                                                                                            9.2  Pune-based Serum Institute of India to make 1 billion doses of Oxford University’s COVID-19 vaccine. 

                                                                                                                                            9.3 Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, (DIAT) Pune develops Medical Bed Isolation System named ‘Aashray’ to combat spread of COVID-19.

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                                                                                                                                                                      • 10. FACTS, CHARTS, RANKINGS and EDITORIALS (Prelims + GS Mains)
                                                                                                                                                                    10.1 HRD Ministry launches ‘India Report on Digital Education, 2020’
                                                                                                                                                                    • Highlights –   
                                                                                                                                                                    1. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched Indian Report on Digital Education, 2020.
                                                                                                                                                                    2. The report elaborates on the innovative methods adopted by Education Departments of States and Union Territories for ensuring accessible and inclusive education to children at home and reducing learning gaps.
                                                                                                                                                                    3. The HRD Ministry has initiated projects to assist teachers, scholars and students in their pursuit of learning like DIKSHA platform, Swayam Prabha TV Channel, On Air – Shiksha Vani, DAISY by NIOS for differently-abled to name a few.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Digital initiatives – 
                                                                                                                                                                    1. Some of the major digital initiatives by State Governments are: SMILE (Social Media Interface for Learning Engagement) in Rajasthan; Project Home Classes in Jammu; Padhai Tunhar duvaar (Education at your doorstep) in Chhattisgarh; Unnayan Initiatives in Bihar through portal and mobile application; Mission Buniyaad in NCT of Delhi among others.
                                                                                                                                                                    2. Some States have launched innovative mobile apps and portals as means to facilitate remote learning.
                                                                                                                                                                    3. Madhya Pradesh has launched Top Parent App, a free mobile app that empowers parents of young children (3-8 years) with knowledge and strategies around child development to help them meaningfully engage with their children.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Inclusive learning – 
                                                                                                                                                                    1. To ensure inclusive learning in remote areas where internet connectivity and electricity is poor and sporadic, States and UTs have also distributed textbooks at children’s doorsteps.
                                                                                                                                                                    2. Some of the states that have taken this initiative to reach students are Odisha, Madhya Pradesh (under Dakshata Unnayan Programme), Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, etc

                                                                                                                                                                    10.2 Daily dose of  FIVE Facts -
                                                                                                                                                                    • The Union Cabinet in July 2020 approved the development of Affordable Rental Housing Complexes for urban migrants and poor.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Arvind Pandey & Akhilesh Chandra Kulshreshtha were given the Prof. P.V. Sukhatme National Award in Statistics 2020 on June 29, 2020.
                                                                                                                                                                    • YES Bank acquired 24.19 per cent in Dish TV direct-to-home (DTH) company recently.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Prime Minister of Lesotho Thomas Thabane recently resigned over allegations of his involvement in the 2017 murder of his estranged wife.
                                                                                                                                                                    • BPDS, developed by CMERI (Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute), is Battery Powered Disinfectant Sprayer.
                                                                                                                                                                    10.3 Today's best editorials to read
                                                                                                                                                                    • We offer you 7 excellent editorials from across 10 newspapers we have scanned. 
                                                                                                                                                                    CLICK HERE TO OPEN AND READ!

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                                                                                                                                                                      • SECTION 3 - MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions)

                                                                                                                                                                    Solve the online quiz given, right now. Check scores, and relative performance!





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                                                                                                                                                                    PT's IAS Academy: Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 30-07-2020
                                                                                                                                                                    Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 30-07-2020
                                                                                                                                                                    Useful compilation of Civil Services oriented - Daily Current Affairs - Civil Services - 30-07-2020
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