Personality of the Day


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalityoftheday.html


Personality of the Day


26 July, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalityoftheday.html


  • [message]
    • WANG YI, Foreign Minister of China
    • Yi is the Minister of Foreign Affairs of PRC (People's Republic of China), appointed in 2013 after he was approved by the CongressIn the India - China Dokalam standoff, he is so far the highest official to speak directly.
    • He came in news recently when he said - “India should conscientiously withdraw its troops". Wang’s comments were posted in Mandarin on the Chinese language website of China’s Foreign Ministry, and not on the English language website (making it useless for the larger world) which maybe to cater to the local sentiments only.
    • Wang became the highest ranking official of China to make such comments (till date)
    • In a separate mention, he has warned “non-regional forces to stay away from South China Sea” – an obvious reference to US Naval forces patrolling the region
    • Born 8 October 1953, he has been a career diplomat and politician
    • Earlier posts held : China's Vice Foreign Minister, Ambassador to Japan, Director of the Taiwan Affairs Office
    • Wang initiated a visit to the Middle East in December 2013 to visit Israel and the Palestinian National Authority PLA), and pushed the idea of peace not war.
    • In June 2014, during the China-Arab summit in Beijing, Foreign Minister Wang met his Somali counterpart Abdirahman Duale Beyle to discuss bilateral cooperation between China and Somalia
    • At a press meet in Ottawa in June 2016, Wang responded bitterly to a reporter when questioned about human rights in China. This is typical of top political bosses in China.
    • India's transparent democratic system forces politicians to remain open to the most pointed queries from media, though different leaders evolve their own methods of dodging the press bullets :)

All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



27 July, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalityoftheday.html


  • [message]
    • NITISH KUMAR, Chief Minister of Bihar, Janata Dal (United) party [Born 1 March 1951 (age 66)]
    • Born at Bakhtiarpur in Bihar, India. Commonly known as Sushasan Babu (Mr. Good Governance), Vikash Purush (Development Man) and Mr. Clean due to his turning around the state of Bihar in late 2000s
    • He belongs to the socialist cadre of Indian politcs and was groomed under giants like Jayaprakash Narayan (JP), Ram Manohar Lohia, S. N. Sinha, Karpuri Thakur and V. P. Singh (Mandal Commission fame). He was part of the JP Movement between 1974 to 1977, in the era of Emergency
    • As of now, Nitish Kumar is serving his 6th term in the office (previous terms as CM, Bihar - 2005 to 2014, 2015 to July 26, 2017)
    • The cumulative growth rate of GDP of Bihar during his tenure as CM is highest as compared to other states
    • His achievements have earned him respect across Bihar - socialist policies like (a) appointing more than 1 lac school teachers, (b) ensuring that doctors worked in primary health centers, (c) paving of roads, (d) cutting female illiteracy by 50%, (e) electrification of villages, (f) cracking down on criminals and (g) doubling the income of the average Bihari citizen
    • For the 2019 elections, many proposed him for Prime minister post in India though he remained detached; now in the new political equation, he is aligned with the BJP so it is ruled out
    • Dramatic developments : He abruptly resigned from CM's post on 26 July 2017 over basic differences with the Mahagathbandhan (Grand Coalition) Partner RJD due to naming of Tejaswi Yadav, the deputy CM, in an FIR by the CBI. He joined the NDA coalition immediately, securing a majority in the Assembly again, taking the Chief Ministership and appointing BJP's Sushil Modi the CM
    • Central stints : Nitish Kumar has served at the Centre also - (a) Union Minister for Railways and Minister for Surface Transport and (b) Minister for Agriculture in 1998–99, in the NDA Government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee (He brought in reforms like internet ticket booking facility in 2002), (c) Union Cabinet Minister for Agriculture 1999, (d) 2001 to May 2004, was the Union Minister for Railways

All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



28 July, 2017


http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalityoftheday.html


  • [message]
    • NAWAZ SHARIF [ex PM of Pakistan, born 25 December 1949 in Lahore]
    • An established Pakistani politician and businessman 
    • Son of founder of Ittefaq and Sharif Group - Muhammad Sharif, and elder-brother of three-time elected Punjab Chief Minister, Shehbaz Sharif
    • Served as Prime Minister from (1) 1990 to 1993, (2) 1997 to 1999 and (3) 2013 to 28th July 2017. Also the Chief Minister of Punjab province, Pakistan (1985 to 1990)
    • Owner of The Sharif Group of companies - established in 1939 by his father Mian Muhammad Sharif (late). Sharif Group has a net value of US $300 million approx; Also own substantial real estate and agricultural holdings
    • Appointed by General Zia-ul-Haq's regime as the Minister of Finance for the Punjab. Later in 1990, Sharif became PM by leading a conservative alliance to victory, and facing charges that the election was rigged in by the Pakistani ISI
    • First term ends : President Ghulam dismissed Sharif on corruption charges; Sharif fought back in Supreme Court, won, but ultimately left
    • Second term ends : Tussles with the judiciary and the military; He forcibly relieved General Karamat from command and brought in General Parvez Musharraf in 1998
    • Kargil War 1999 : General Musharraf ousted him after 12 October 1999, when he tried to oust Musharraf! Exiled to Saudi Arabia
    • Third term ends : Sharif's Muslim League formed a coalition government in 2013.  Offensive launched against extremist groups in northwestern Pakistan. Lot of positive economic movement, but rising sovereign debt due to Chinese involvement and the CPEC made it controversial. The Panama Papers leak brought the matter to Supreme Court, which found him guilty of misdemeanours, and disqualified him on 28 July, 2017 for 10 years. That may practically end it for ever, and he resigned.
    • Panama Papers leak : Documents leaked in 2016 from law firm Mossack Fonseca showed the Sharif family holding property and companies in the UK, and around the world. His name doesn't figure directly, but the in-laws of his brother Shehbaz Sharif + his own children are linked
    • The Economist wrote in January 2017 : Pakistan's infrastructure (on which a lot was spent) is underused because the economic boom it was meant to trigger did not happen. Regarding the CPEC - there are fears the country will struggle to pay back the debt, and that "It may not concern Mr. Sharif unduly if the next generation of roads is as deserted as the last."


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 




29 July, 2017


http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalityoftheday.html



  • [message]
    • JEFFREY PRESTON BEZOS  [American Technology and retail entrepreneur and investor, Born 12 Jan, 1964]
    • Princeton University graduate; noted entrepreneur in technology and retail fields; Philanthropist
    • Best known as founder, chairman, and Chief Executive Officer of Amazon.com, which has become the world's largest online shopping retailer
    • Story of Amazon : Began as an Internet merchant of books and quickly expanded to all possible products and services; now also into video streaming and audio streaming
    • Amazon.com is the world's largest Internet sales company on the WWW. Its 2015 revenue was $ 136 billion.
    • Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a huge cloud platform that renders all possible services to individuals and corporates, and is "infinitely scaleable"; It has become the world's largest provider of cloud infrastructure services
    • Other interests : Aerospace and newspapers
    • Founder and manufacturer of Blue Origin (founded in 2000) - test flights to space started in 2015, and plans for commercial suborbital human spaceflight beginning 2018
    • Owner of The Washington Post newspaper since 2013 
    • Bezos Expeditions is the investment firm that manages many other interests
    • On July 27, 2017, Bezos for a short time became the world's richest person, surpassing Bill Gates with a net worth of just over $90 billion
    • Interesting facts : (1) Bezos founded Amazon.com in 1994 after making a cross-country drive from New York to Seattle, and set up the company in his garage, leaving his well-paying job; (2) known for his attention to business details; (3) named World's Worst Boss by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), in May 2014 stating that "Jeff Bezos represents the inhumanity of employers who are promoting the North American corporate model..."; (4) NYT said : the Amazon working experience is a grueling and inhumane experience, with many employees regularly being terminated or quitting.


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



31 July, 2017


http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • NICOLAS MADURO MOROS [President of Venezuela, former bus driver, Born 23 November 1962]
    • Maduro is a Venezuelan politician and President since 2013, when he served under President Hugo Chávez as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2013, and as Vice President of from 2012 to 2013. His party is the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, a believer in socialism and communism
    • The death by cancer of Chavez (5 March 2013) brought the protege Maduros onto the hot seat, and just then, the oil price slump began
    • Many claim that Maduro is a brutal dictator and "mass murderer" 
    • From a bus driver, Maduro rose to become a trade union leader, and was elected to the National Assembly in 2000. He was liked by Chavez as the most capable administrator and politician of the inner circle.
    • After Chávez's death, an election was held on 14 April 2013 to elect a new president, and Nicolas Maduro won with 50.62% of the votes
    • Since November 2013, Maduro has ruled Venezuela by decree since 19 November 2013. The socialist economic policies of Chavez were well-funded in the days of high oil-prices, but sustained decrease in global oil prices created a difficult period, and the big budget doles could no longer be sustained
    • Since a genuine market economy did not develop in Chavez's time, the hard times brought huge scarcity of the basic necessities of life, leading to mass resentment in public and unrest across the nation, repressed through armed means by the Government
    • In May 2016, opposition leaders in Venezuela handed in a petition to the National Electoral Council (CNE) calling for a recall referendum with an aim to remove Maduro from his Post. Later, the Venezuelan intelligence service detained five opposition activists involved with the recall referendum
    • Opposition leaders pushed for the recall to be held before the end of 2016, allowing a new presidential election. But the government vowed a recall would not occur until 2017, ensuring the current vice president would potentially come to power
    • The Maduro government has accused the United States of attempting to overthrow him. When the United States ordered sanctions to be placed on seven Venezuelan officials for alleged human rights violations, Maduro used anti-US rhetoric to bump up his approval ratings
    • On 29 March 2017, the Supreme Tribunal of Justice (TSJ) took over legislative powers of the National Assembly. This tribunal is composed of Maduro's supporters! This was called a virtual "coup", and condemned by media as a march to authoritarianism
    • Leaders from the United Nations also expressed concern with the decision and demanded reversal. On 1 April 2017, the TSJ reversed its decision, thereby reinstating the powers of the National Assembly. Public dissatisfaction persisted, with the strengthening of the protests that year "into the most combative since a wave of unrest in 2014" resulting from the crisis
    • On 1 May 2017, after a violent phase in which 29 died, Maduro made a call for a Constitutional Assembly to draft a new constitution to replace the 1999 Venezuela Constitution. He invoked Article 347 to do so
    • On 20 June 2017, President of the National Assembly announced the activations of Articles 333 and 350 of the Venezuelan Constitution, to prevent Maduro from toppling the existing constitution
    • Marco Rubio, U.S. Senator from Florida, made a public statement on Twitter saying : "Venezuela now officially a dictatorship after Supreme Court assumes powers of opposition-controlled congress"


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



01 August, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html


  • [message]
    • AJIT KUMAR DOVAL [NSA of India, Famed spy, Retd. IPS Keral cadre, Born 20 Jan, 1945]
    • Ajit Doval is a former police officer and a former Indian intelligence & law enforcement officer, with the exceptional credential of being involved in the termination of all 15 hijackings of Indian Airlines aircraft from 1971–1999. Doval was one of three negotiators who negotiated passenger release from IC-814 in Kandahar (Afghanistan) in 1999
    • Credited for the doctrinal shift in Indian security policy in relation to Pakistan from 'Defensive' to 'Defensive Offensive'
    • Born in 1945 in Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand into a family of serving Indian Army officer. Education at the Ajmer Military School, Rajasthan and graduated with a master's degree in economics
    • On 30 May 2014, Doval was appointed the (fifth) National Security Adviser of India. He works in close association with the Prime Minister himself
    • Became an IPS officer in 1968 in the Kerala cadre, and became actively involved in anti-insurgency operations in Mizoram and Punjab thereafter. Was the youngest police officer ever to get the President's Police Medal for meritorious service after 6 yrs of service (as against a norm of 17 yrs)
    • In 1988, Ajit Doval was awarded the Kirti Chakra - one of the highest gallantry awards - and became the first police officer to receive a medal given only as a military honour otherwise
    • Served as the Director of the Intelligence Bureau (2004–05) after spending a decade as the head of its operations wing; Was founder Chairman of the Multi Agency Centre (MAC), as well as of the Joint Task Force on Intelligence (JTFI)
    • Ensured the rescue of Romanian diplomat Liviu Radu in Punjab. Also, was present inside the Golden Temple Amritsar before Operation Black Thunder II (1988) to collect critical information
    • During the Mizo National Front (MNF) insurgency, Doval won over six of Laldenga's seven commanders, living incognito with the Mizo National Army in the Arakan in Burma and inside Chinese territory. 
    • It is also claimed that from Mizoram, Doval went to Sikkim where he played a role during the merger of the state with India
    • Spent six years in Indian High Commission in Islamabad, Pakistan. 
    • Went to Kashmir in 1990 and persuaded militants like Kuka Parray to become counter-insurgents targeting hardline anti-India terrorists, ensuring democratic elections in 1996 
    • Retired in January 2005 as Director, Intelligence Bureau. Later, in 2009, founded the Vivekananda International Foundation, a think tank set up by the Vivekananda Kendra, a Spiritually Oriented Organisation
    • Doval flew on a top secret mission to Iraq on 25 June 2014 to try and resuce Indian nurses caught in the crossfire when ISIS took over Mosul region. ISIS militants handed the nurses to authorities at Erbil city and two specially arranged planes by Indian Government brought them back home to Kochi
    • The Army's operation against Indian militants operating out of Myanmar was another success story. It is reported that he worked in close association with the Army Chief General Dalbir Singh Suhag and a successful mission resulted with 50 militant casualties
    • The "surgical strikes" against Pakistan in September 2016 are also credited to him, and reportedly a significant number of terrorists were neutralised


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



02 August, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • ARVIND PANAGARIYA [Indian-American economist & professor, Vice-Chairman NITI Aayog, Born September 30, 1952] 
    • Originally from Rajasthan, he holds a Ph.D in economics from Princeton University
    • A renowned Indian-American economist who is also the Jagdish Bhagwati Professor of Indian Political Economy at Columbia University
    • The love of mainstream academia (and lack of leave extension from the University) forced him to resign from the influential post of Vice-Chairman NITI Aayog, for which he was hand-picked by PM Narendra Modi
    • From January 2015, he led the NITI Aayog, a newborn baby which replaced the Planning Commission of India, and created the first templates of its work and approach. Also simultaneously heading the analysis of data of the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC 2011)
    • Education and Economy : Worked as the Chief Economist at the ADB (Asian Development Bank) earlier; Served as a professor of economics and co-director, Center for International Economics, University of Maryland at College Park. 
    • Is a protege of prominent economist Prof. Jagdish Bhagwati
    • Global experience : Multiple and successful roles across the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) made him an ideal choice for the NITI Aayog top position 
    • A prolific writer : Has written or edited 15 books, including the recent one "India: The Emerging Giant" (March 2008). Noted TV personality Fareed Zakaria said it was "the definitive book on the Indian economy". His mentor Prof. Bhagwati called it ‘a tour de horizon and a tour de force’. The Economist magazine described "Why Growth Matters" (with Jagdish Bhagwati) as “a manifesto for policymakers and analysts". He also edited the India Policy Forum, a journal modeled on the Brookings Papers on Economic Activity and jointly published by the Brookings Institution, Washington, DC and the National Council on Applied Economic Research, New Delhi.
    • Praising and documenting Modi's initiatives : In newspaper articles, he wrote that "In his Independence Day speech on August 15, 2014, the prime minister announced the closure of the archaic institution of the Planning Commission and launched the "Make in India" campaign to focus attention on manufacturing. Less than two months later, on October 2, he went on to launch the important Swachh Bharat campaign with the aim of freeing the country of dirt and open defecation by October 2, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Partially aided by the softening of the global commodity markets, including those for food and crude oil, India also saw a significant break in inflation."
    • Resignation : News broke in the first week of August that he has resigned from NITI Aayog as Columbia University has not extended his leave beyond August 31 2017
    • Publishing : Professor Panagariya’s scientific papers have appeared in the top economics journals such as the American Economic Review and the Quarterly Journal of Economics while his policy papers have appeared in the Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy
    • Honours : In March 2012, the Government of India honoured Panagariya with Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honour
    • A supporter of Modi : He wrote earlier that 'Gujarat also deserves applause for the large cuts in poverty among the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Muslims. At 7.7 per cent, Gujarat boasts the lowest poverty ratio for Muslims in rural areas. The state also counts among the seven states with lower poverty ratio for Muslims than Hindus in rural and urban areas combined.' He praised Modi saying he has brought unprecedented vigour to the PM office.
    • Jobs, jobs, jobs : Prof. Panagariya warned that India needed millions of good jobs and they will not be forthcoming without the country replacing China as the manufacturing workshop of the world, especially in the labour-intensive products. And this requires entrepreneur-friendly reforms in areas of labour, land, higher education and infrastructure. The nation will be looking for an outline of precisely these reforms in the forthcoming Budgets.
    • Formal sector? He recently said that the basic definition of formal sector workers is confusing, and there is need for standardising and broad-basing the same. If that were to happen, the new jobs created number would look dramatically different.


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



03 August, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • URJIT RAVINDRA PATEL [Governor of RBI, Economist (Born 28 Oct. 1963 in Kenya (age 53)]
    • Inflation warrior : Urjit Patel, an Indian economist with a vast corporate experience including the post of President (Business Development) Reliance Industries, is presently the 24th Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI). He is a known hawk when it comes to battling inflation.
    • Foreign connection : His father Shri Ravindra and his mother Mrs Manjula ran a chemical factory named Rexo Products in Nairobi
    • Policy experience : Governor of RBI since September 5, 2016; Deputy Governor from January 7, 2013 to September 5, 2016; Chief Policy Officer at IDFC Limited; Overall experience of over 17 years in financial, energy and infrastructure sectors; Consultant to the Ministry of Power, Department of Economic Affairs, New Delhi from 1998 to 2001; Was at IMF India desk during the 1991–94 transition period; Was posted to IMF country mission in India 1992–95
    • Read about all RBI Governors on our Static Compilation page
    • Government exposure : Between 2000 and 2004, worked with several High Level Committees at both Central and State Government level, including Competition Commission, Task Force on Direct Taxes, Prime Minister’s Task Force on Infrastructure, Group of Ministers on Telecom Matters, Advisory Committee on Research Projects and Market Studies, Committee on Civil Aviation Reforms, Expert Group on State Electricity Boards and High Level Expert Group on Civil & Defence Services Pension System
    • Global experience : Served at International Monetary Fund. Higher education - Alma mater - London School of Economics (Bsc), Oxford University (M. Phil.) in 1986, Yale University (PhD) in 1990
    • RBI Governor : Patel succeeded Raghuram Rajan as RBI governor on 4 September 2016, and was appointed by the Modi government. From deputation from the IMF he went on to the Reserve Bank of India, and played an advisory role in the development of the debt market, banking sector reforms, pension fund reforms, targeting of real exchange rate (prior to 1998). On 11 January 2013, Patel was appointed the Deputy Governor of RBI, handling the vital Monetary Policy Department, succeeding Subir Gokarn. He looked after monetary policy, economic policy research, statistics and information management, deposit insurance, communication etc.
    • In the hot seat : Was unable to produce the final figures of the demonetisation exercise till July 2017 despite twice being questioned by the Parliamentary Committee. Critics say he was also not fully aware (prior) of any such major move by the government. Read all about demonetisation here
    • Monetary Policy Committee : Has participated in some rounds of the MPC reviews, the latest being in August first week, reducing the policy rate (Repo) by 25 basis points. 
    • Urjit Patel Committee : Was Chairman of the "RBI Expert Committee to Revise and Strengthen the Monetary Policy Framework", 2014, which ultimately moved the RBI away from using WPI to using Consumer Price Index CPI as a key anchor for monetary policy formation. Download that report



All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



04 August, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html


  • [message]
    • MASOOD AZHAR [Pakistani terrorist, 'founder' of Jaish-e-Mohammad, Born 10 July 1968 (age 49) Punjab, Pakistan]
    • One of ten siblings, and son of a Teacher. Father Allah Bakhsh Shabbir was the headmaster at a government-run school, and family operated a dairy and poultry farm
    • Organisations : Owes allegiance to organisations like Harkat-ul-Ansar, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Jaish-e-Mohammad - all of them involved in violent terror operations. He works from the Pakistan occupied Kashmire region mostly.
    • JeM : Jaish-e-Mohammed has carried out a string of deadly attacks against India, including (a) the attack on the Indian parliament - December 2001 that brought India and Pakistan to the brink of a full-scale war, (b) 2008 Mumbai attacks - was perhaps among many arrested by Pakistan after a military raid on a camp located on the outskirts of Muzaffarabad, but was seen free in 2014 again, and (c) 2016 Pathankot attack - on an Indian air base was masterminded by Masood Azhar and his brother, who were in direct touch with attacking terrorists. 
    • Pakistan's ISI : The primary one Jaish-e-Mohammed (literally "The Army of Muhammad") was allegedly created by the overt support of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), by working with several Deobandi terrorists associated with Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM). JeM is a Deobandi jihadist group active in Kashmir, with a public mission of "destroying India," and liberating the Kashmir region from Indian rule
    • Arrested by India : In 1994, Azhar traveled to Srinagar to ease tensions between Harkat-ul-Ansar's feuding factions of Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami and Harkat-ul-Mujahideen; he was arrested and imprisoned
    • Tourists kidnapping case : In 1995, foreign tourists were kidnapped in Jammu and Kashmir, and the primary demand of kidnappers was the release of Masood Azhar. A hostage escaped but the rest were killed
    • IC 814 hijacking and escape : In December 1999, was freed by the Indian government in exchange for passengers on the hijacked Indian Airlines Flight 814 (IC814) that landed in Kandahar, Afghanistan (under the Taliban's control). Hijackers' leader was Masood's brother - Ibrahim Athar
    • Released, for future mayhem  : Masood Azhar was handed over to the hijackers and they all fled to Pakistani territory  Read more on Terrorism here
    • American sanction : America has prohibited Americans from "engaging in any transactions" with Al Rehmat Trust, which is "an operational front" for Jaish-e Mohammed
    • China's support for a devil : The Chinese government has repeatedly blocked the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee listing of Azhar as a terrorist, thwarting international efforts to disrupt the activities of his group. China moved to protect Azhar again in October 2016, February 2017 and in August 2017 when it blocked India's appeal to the United Nations to label him as a terrorist  Read many updates on terror, here


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



07 August, 2017



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html


  • [message]
    • M VENKAIAH NAIDU Garu [Lifelong BJP loyalist, RSS swayamsewak, Hindi lover, 13th Vice President of India, Born July 01, 1949 (Age 68)]
    • High acumen, high delivery : Naidu has been a political leader of high acumen all through his career, which began as a student leader in 1973–74 when he was elected the President, Students Union, Andhra University
    • RSS and ABVP : Was a dedicated RSS swayamsewak (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) and joined ABVP during his college days
    • Oratory full of wit and shine : A brilliant orator, never short of wit, humour and remarkable similes, his political career's rise and diversity has been a reflection of his depth and mature understanding of issues
    • Nellore, AP, Politics, Law : He hails from the Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, and did his bachelor's degree in politics and diplomatic studies and then law (specialisation in international law) from Visakhapatnam
    • A long career in politics : It includes positions like President, Students Union (1973), President Youth Wing Janata Party (1977-80), MLA from AP, President AP BJP, Rajya Sabha Member BJP, National President BJP (2002 - 2004), Urban Development Minister, and Vice President of India
    • MLA and MP : Elected MLA to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly twice from Udayagiri constituency (Nellore) in 1978 & 1983; Later went to Rajya Sabha from Karnataka
    • Hindi love : Naidu's love for Hindi is well-known, and his tremendous effort to use Hindi and popularise it, is appreciated by all (though disliked by some!)
    • Farmers' champion : A champion of the cause of the farmers and the development of backward areas, something he reminded everyone of upon election to the Vice President's post
    • Andhra Pradesh' leading BJP figure : One of the most popular leaders of the BJP in Andhra Pradesh. Played a major role in the Jai Andhra Movement of 1972
    • Anti-emergency stand : Became part of the 1974 anti-corruption movement, and became convener of the Jayaprakash Narayan Chhatra Sangharsh Samiti of Andhra Pradesh. Protested the emergency of Indira Gandhi regime, was imprisoned
    • BJP's National President and Shining India : Became National President of the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2003, but the defeat of the BJP in 2004 elections (the Shining India campaign disaster) led to his resignation, though he remained senior Vice President for a long time after that. Was succeeded by L.K. Advani
    • Long stint at the Centre : As part of a long career at the Centre, he was Union Cabinet Minister for Rural Development in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government from 1999. He kept pushing reforms, and was key in introducing the hugely successful 'Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana'
    • Urban Development : His stint at the Centre continued after the victory of the BJP in the 2014, and he became the Minister for Urban Development and Parliamentary Affairs on 26 May 2014. Later, he served as the Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Urban Development and Information and Broadcasting
    • Trust in the good : Naidu founded the Swarna Bharath Trust, Nellore - a social service organization that runs a school for poor, orphaned and special-needs children
    • Vice President : His career's pinnacle came when he was nominated by BJP as VP candidate, an election that he won rather easily (516 votes against Gopala Krishna Gandhi's 244). He will succeed Shri Mohammad Hamid Ansari, and work under the Presidentship of Shri Ram Nath Kovind, also a BJP person. 
    • Top 3 posts : The BJP now has control over all the top three posts of India - the President, Vice-President, and the Prime Minister. 


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 



08 August, 2017 - Emmanuel Macron


http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • EMMANUEL JEAN-MICHEL MACRON [Founder of En Marche!, a centrist political movement; Ex-civil servant, Investment Banker, President of France (Born 21 December 1977, Age 40 yrs)] 
    • Youngest ever President : Macron is the youngest ever President of France, elected (at 39) in the middle of a right-wing wave that seemed set to sweep the continental European politics, and which his victory ended up emasculating. He is also the youngest French head of state since Napoleon, and the first president of France born after the establishment of the Fifth Republic in 1958
    • Ex senior civil servant and investment banker in private corporate sector
    • The "Macron Law" : His signature law package eventually pushed through parliament using the 49.3 procedure; Based on the "Law on Growth and Purchasing Power" with the aim to "restore 6 billion euros of purchasing power" to the French public; The law was to rejuvenate the French economy by fixing regulations based around Sunday work, transport and driving licenses, public sector jobs and the transport market; Law adopted on 10 April, 2015
    • A positive boost? The OECD estimated that the Macron Law would generate a "0.3% increase in GDP over five-years and a 0.4% increase over 10-years"
    • Education : Studied philosophy, pursued a Master's of Public Affairs, graduated from the École nationale d'administration (ENA) 2004
    • Son of a physician and a professor of neurology; his parents were divorced in 2010; Raised in a non-religious family, he was baptized a Roman Catholic at his own request at age 12 (French Revolution in the 18th century had witnessed a large scale massacre of Catholic clergy)
    • Marriage : Macron married Brigitte Trogneux, 24 years elder to him, and his teacher in High School 
    • Investment Banker : Became an investment banker at Rothschild & Cie Banque
    • Appointed Deputy Secretary-General in François Hollande's first government in May 2012, having been a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009
    • Appointed Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs in 2014 under the Second Valls Government, where he pushed through business-friendly reforms
    • November 2016 : Macron declared that he would run in the election under the banner of En Marche!, a centrist political movement he founded in April 2016, and won the election on 7 May 2017
    • En Marche! June 2017 legislative elections saw Macron's party getting renamed "La République En Marche!"; Won alongwith ally Democratic Movement (MoDem) a comfortable majority (350 seats out of 577)  with his party winning majority of 308 seats.
    • Government experience : Worked as an Inspector of Finances in the French Ministry of Economy; Offered the job of managing director for Mouvement des Entreprises de France, the largest employer federation in France by Laurence Parisot but declined. Worked as an Inspector of Finances in the Inspectorate General of Finances (IGF)
    • August 2007 : served as deputy rapporteur for the Commission to improve French economic growth. Left to work as an investment banker in a highly-paid position at Rothschild & Cie Banque. Was inspired to leave the government due to the election of Nicolas Sarkozy to the presidency
    • Millionaire Macron : Macron promoted to partner with the bank after working on the recapitalization on Le Monde and the acquisition by Atos by Siemens IT Solutions and Services. In the same year, Macron appointed as managing director and put in charge of Nestlé's acquisition of one of Pfizer's largest subsidies based around baby drinks. The deal, which amounted to more than 9 billion euros, made Macron a millionaire
    • Free Market : Macron has advocated the free market and reducing the public-finances deficit; He says he is "neither right nor left" and that he advocates "a collective solidarity". He said that "Honesty compels me to say that I am not a socialist"
    • Cut the flab : Macron supports cutting the number of civil servants by 1,20,000. 
    • Anti-colonial : He described France's colonization of Algeria as a "crime against humanity". He is often called "ardently pro-Europe"
    • Humanist : Supports the open-door policy toward refugees from the Middle East and Africa pursued by Angela Merkel in Germany
    • Terrorism : A proposal to provide each young adult a "Culture Pass" of € 500 may encourage young people to discover the culture of France and deter terrorism



All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 




09 August, 2017 - Ahmed Patel



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • AHMED PATEL [Considered Number 2 in Congress Party, Troubleshooter, Lifelong Congressman, Rajya Sabha member (born 21 August 1949, Age 68)]
    • Gujarat's representation : Ahmed Patel represented Gujarat seven times in the Parliament, three times in the lower house or Lok Sabha (1977–1989) and four times in the Rajya Sabha (since 1993). A Gujarati from Bharuch, he has stayed loyal to the Congress throughout
    • A long career : In a career spanning four decades he occupied key positions in the party's district, provincial and central units
    • Tough RS call in 2017 : Only Muslim parliamentarian from Gujarat in 2017. On 9 August, 2017 Ahmed Patel again got elected to Rajya Sabha defeating BJP's Balwant Singh in perhaps the toughest Rajya Sabha election ever! The cliffhanger victory against the combined might of entire BJP in 2017 Rajya Sabha election was unprecedented, coming as it did after a series of tense manoeuvres
    • Political Secretary to the Big Boss : As the political secretary to the Congress President Sonia Gandhi since 2001, he is usually credited with the party’s performance in the 2004 and 2009 General elections
    • Low Profile : He kept himself out of government in the 14th and 15th Lok Sabhas, and maintained a low profile. Patel is the only second Muslim after Ehsan Jafri to be elected as an Lok Sabha MP in Gujarat
    • Rajiv Gandhi's Secretary : Contested the local body elections in the Bharuch District of Gujarat in 1976, and rose rapidly, becoming (from January to September 1985) the Parliamentary Secretary to then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
    • Young and smart : In 1992, Ahmed Patel became one of the youngest members to be elected to the Congress Working Committee, the party's highest decision making body. Between 1992 and 2001, he held key positions in the party such as General Secretary and Treasurer. As General Secretary, Ahmed Patel was responsible for overseeing the party's units in Orissa, Punjab, Haryana and Delhi. During his tenure, the Congress came to power in the states of Orissa, Punjab and Delhi
    • Sardar Sarovar Project : Was proactive in setting up the Narmada Management Authority to monitor the Sardar Sarovar Project in 1987
    • Jawahar Bhavan : Supervised the construction of Jawahar Bhavan in New Delhi’s Raisina Road, a stalled project, which was completed just in time for the centenary celebrations. Funds came from Congress lawmakers and partly crowd funded through one day cricket matches
    • Bharuch all the way : In 2005, Ahmed Patel had got Bharuch included as one of the first five districts to be covered under the then launched Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, to boost electrification in the district. The Sardar Patel bridge to de-congest traffic between the twin cities of Bharuch and Ankleshwar has been one of his contributions to the region.
    • Crowd-sourcing : Ahmed Patel was asked to head Party's Gujarat unit (GPCC) in 1986. During his two year tenure, he mobilized party cadres during the Gujarat drought via a specially formed trust, the Gujarat Rahat Samiti. He pioneered the idea of crowd sourcing funds for political purposes, a concept which uncommon in Indian politics. The trust raised over Rs 2.5 crore in 1988 by hosting Amitabh Bachchan concerts, and used the record proceeds to adopt cattle affected by the severe drought. 
    • Mandal Kamandal : The rise of Mandal and Mandir politics dealt a temporary blow to Ahmed Patel's political career in 1989, when he lost the Bharuch seat. In 1993, he managed to enter Rajya Sabha and has been a member ever since.
    • Personal Life : Married to Memoona Ahmed since 1976, and has a daughter and a son. Memoona belongs to a Gujarati trader family who settled in Myanmar; the family of freedom fighters worked closely with Netaji Subhash Chandra Boses's activities in Myanmar and Congress's Seva Dal
    • Education : Bachelor's degree from Bharuch's Jayendra Puri Arts and Science College
    • Cricket Captain : Active sportsman during his early days and captained for his college cricket and badminton tournaments
    • Cooperative Movement : Assisted his father in the cooperative bank movement. He says that "women are the silent foot soldiers of our agricultural revolution"


All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC Civil Services  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Monthly compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Click here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER knowledge portal 




10 August, 2017 - Justice Dipak Misra



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • JUSTICE DIPAK MISRA [Supreme Court judge, India's 45th CJI (Born 3 October 1953, age 64)]
    • Justice Dipak Misra will be the next CJI after Justice J.S.Khehar retires on August 28, 2017, and will get a total tenure of 13 months as the CJI, as per the Law Ministry
    • Liberal : He is a liberal freethinker, advocates freedom for women, including to dance in dance bars
    • An admirable mind : Lawyers agree that in addition to the intricacies of law, Justice Misra is adept at literature, philosophy and history! The references to various Shastras made in his courts are proof of that. When the matter is complex, lawyers know that Justice Misra will disentagle the web of reasoning and present the crystal clear picture soon enough. A shining career which started on 1977 from Orissa now reaches the pinnacle of its profession
    • Career : Justice Misra came to the SC from the Delhi High Court in 2011, having started his career from Odisha. Appointed Additional Judge of the Orissa High Court 1996 and then a Permanent Judge in Madhya Pradesh High Court, from December 1997. Appointed Chief Justice of the Patna High Court in 2009 and Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court in 2010
    • Illustrious family : The nephew of late Shri Ranganath Misra who was the 21st Chief Justice of India (1990 to 1991), and first chairman of the National Human Rights Commission of India. Thus, he belongs to the "first Judicial Family" of Odisha. Read the full list of Chief Justices of India on our Static Repository here
    • Tough nuts to crack lie ahead : He will tackle some of the most complex constitutional cases pending, including - (a) Ayodhya title case, (b) Cauvery waters dispute, (c) SEBI - Sahara row, (d) BCCI reforms, (e) Panama Papers leak, (f) Debate on Privacy laws and (g) Aadhar being made mandatory issue
    • Big decisions : His notable decisions so far were in cases like (i) Mumbai blasts accused Yakub Memon, (ii) Delhi gangrape-murder case, (iii) defamation law, (iv) judgment in the Own Motion vs State case, requiring Delhi Police to upload FIRs on their website within 24 hours of the FIRs being lodged, in order to enable the accused to file appropriate applications in courts, (v) on Reservation in promotion, upheld the Allahabad High Court judgement that reservation in promotions can be provided only if there is sufficient data and evidence to justify; Rejected the UP government's decision to provide reservation in promotion on these very grounds, (vi) Rejected the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts convict Yakub Memon's appeal to stop his execution, (vii) A three judge bench led by him upheld the death sentence awarded to the four convicts of the Nirbhaya rape case on 5th May, 2017, (viii) Got the central government to revoke president’s rule in Uttarakhand. 
    • Jana Gana Man : Justice Mishra was part of the bench that ordered playing of the National nthem before screening of films
    • Death Threat : After the Memon verdict, received a death threat in writing, an anonymous letter which says "irrespective of the protection you may avail, we will eliminate you." He was assigned high security following that
    • A test of strength : As the chief justice of the Delhi High Court, had the court up and running within hours of a terror blast ripping through it, which claimed many lives. He refused to be fazed by it saying “We cannot be seen as cowing down before terrorists” 
    • Constitutional Watchdog : He believes that governments must stick to constitutional values as expected to in the highest standards of democracy



All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 





11 August, 2017 - Mohd Hamid Ansari



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • MOHAMMAD HAMID ANSARI [Scholar, Independent thinker, Ex Vice President of India, Ex VC of AMU, Ex Ambassador (Born 01 April, 1937, Age 80 years)] 
    • Education : Studied at Shimla, Kolkata and Aligarh Muslim University
    • Illustrious assignments : As the Vice President of India, has served as the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha. Presently the President of the Indian Institute of Public Administration, Chancellor of Pondicherry University and the President of the Indian Council of World Affairs
    • Only the second 10-year Vice President : Was the first person to be re-elected as Indian VP (the first was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan in 1957). 
    • Only VP to serve during 3 Presidential tenures : Upon the inauguration of Ram Nath Kovind as President of India in 2017, Shri Ansari became the first Indian Vice-President to serve during the terms of three presidents (Mrs Pratibha Patil, Shri Pranab Mukherjee, Shri Ram Nath Kovind)
    • Independent thinker : Hamid Ansari is a scholar of West Asia, and has independent perspectives on many issues. His thoughts on India’s vote against Iran in the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) were against the State’s official line. 
    • Pro Kashmiri Pandit : Was chairman of a Working Group on Kashmir, and recommended recognizing the right of Kashmiri Pandits to return to "places of their original residence" and he argued that it should be state policy, and without any ambiguity
    • Family : Father Mohammad Abdul Aziz Ansari and Mother Aasiya Begum; Shri Ansari was born in Kolkata), West Bengal; Is the grandson of a brother of former Congress President Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari, who was a leader of the Indian independence movement
    • Controversy : A recent controversy just upon his retirement after 10 illustrious years as the Vice President was a statement about a sense of unease among Indian Muslims. The statement came in an interview on the last day of his tenure. He was attacked in social media immediately, though many who attacked or trolled him  forgot what he had said about the Kashmiri Pandits and their right to be resettled back from where they were uprooted
    • Last interview as VC to the Rajya Sabha TV : He covered a vast ground. Key points were (a) India has been a plural society for centuries, and not just the past 70 years, (b) Many recent developments in India – like the judicial decisions to impose the national anthem and the national song or a concerted attack on minorities has led to a growing sense of insecurity among Muslims, (c) Cultural aggression and arrogant nationalism has arisen from a a deep sense of insecurity and can harm India’s future, (d) The propensity to be able to assert your nationalism day in and day out is unnecessary, (e) Tolerance to different cultures and religions is a good virtue, it may not be a sufficient virtue and India needs to take the next step and go from tolerance to acceptance
    • Not supportive of present Kashmir policy : He has indirectly criticised the so-called militaristic approach of the Modi government to resolve the Kashmir impasse, as he feels it is a political problem
    • Prior to, and during the 10 years as the Vice President : Was Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities from 2006 to 2007. Elected Vice-President of India on 10 August 2007 and reelected on 7 August 2012. The second term ended in August 2017 and he decided not to run for a third term.Was always seen calmly handling the most difficult situations inside the Rajya Sabha. Would generally not allow a bill to pass in the middle of noise and din
    • A personality to remember : His decade-long stint in the second-highest constitutional post of India will be remembered for a long time to come. Always sober, composed and erudite, Shri  Hamid Ansari has left behind big shoes to fill. He is succeeded by ex-Urban development Minister and lifelong BJP man Shri Venkaiah Naidu.



All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 





14 August, 2017 - Baba Ramdev



http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



  • [message]
    • BABA RAMDEV Born Ramkrishna Yadav, Yoga Guru, Successful Ayurved entrepreneur, Politically active [Born 25 Dec 1965, age 52 yrs]
    • Entrepreneur : Founder of the Patanjali Group of Institutions which has a vast footprint across India now in multiple sectors
    • Initial days : Born at Hazaribag Ali Saiyad Pur village, Mahendragarh district, Haryana to farmer parents. Studies Indian scriptures, Yoga and Sanskrit in various Gurukuls (schools)
    • Founded the Divya Yog Mandir Trust in 1995
    • The TV star is born : Started appearing on morning slots on Aastha TV from 2003 which was the start of his meteoric rise. Conducted camps with thousands of loyal followers attending religiously
    • International appearances : Invited by Kofi Annan of UN in 2006 to lecture on poverty alleviation at a United Nations conference. Visited many other nations and performed Yoga and spread it far and wide
    • The Star's Footprints : Patanjali Yogpeeth, Patanjali Ayurved and Bharat Swabhiman Trust are some of his ventures - (a) Patanjali Yogpeeth works for promotion of Yoga and Ayurveda, from its Patanjali Yogpeeth I and Patanjali Yogpeeth II campuses in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, (b) Patanjali Ayurved - a Haridwar based consumer packaged goods company by Ramdev and Acharya Balkrishna in 2006. The company has sky-rocketing sales touching several thousand crore rupees, directly threatening established consumer goods MNCs in India, (c) Bharat Swabhiman Trust was a political party to be brought in 2010, an idea that was dropped in favour of working to influence political parties through popular reaction of citizens
    • Election Campaign and pro-Modi campaign : In 2014, Ramdev attempted to run yoga camps during the election campaign to perhaps gain support for Narendra Modi, but the Election Commission of India (ECI) disallowed the same 
    • Awards : Of the many awards, India Today magazine in 2014 ranked Baba Ramdev # 5 in its list of India's 50 Most powerful people of 2017. He also politely declined the 2015 Padma Vibushan award (second highest civilian award) being an ascetic
    • Influence :  Baba Ramdev's reach and influence is legendary, in the citizenry at large, and with the political establishment also. He regularly features on all mainstream media channels, and the top annual seminars hosted by media houses
    • Global ambitions : His aim is to spread the consumer products worldwide so everyone can benefit from the goodness of Indian ancient wisdom, while he meticulously works to drive out the multinationals from their comfortable nests within India! The Economist magazine featured him prominently in a positive way, in 2017



    All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 



    15 August, 2017 - Dr Homi J Bhabha





    • [message]
      • HOMI JEHANGIR BHABHA Father of Indian nuclear programme, Founder director of TIFR and Trombay AEE founder director, [Born 30 October 1909, Died in mysterious circumstances in an air crash on 24 January 1966 (Age 57 years)] 
      • Leading from the front : Dr Bhabha is one of those personalities whole life's work gave modern India the confidence to stand with pride against hostile enemies - we salute his brilliance and dedication to the cause of India, in the middle of a difficult geopolitical situation in South Asia during the US-USSR cold war era (1949 to 1991)
      • Nuclear Physics : Professor of nuclear physics, he founded two institutions - (a) the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and (b) the Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment (now BARC). Supervised the development of nuclear weapons at these two sites - something that must have alarmed the Americans as Pakistan was their ally. Bhabha received his doctorate in 1933 in nuclear physics after publishing his scientific paper "The Absorption of Cosmic radiation"
      • Awards : Padma Bhushan (1954), Adams Prize (1942), Fellow of the Royal Society
      • Early days : Born in a rich family linked with Dinshaw Petit and Dorabji Tata; Father Jehangir H Bhabha was a leading lawyer. Attended the Royal Institute of Science until 1927 before joining Caius College of Cambridge University to become a metallurgist
      • With big names : Later, excelled in mathematical studies under Paul Dirac; worked at the Cavendish Laboratory while working towards his doctorate in theoretical physics; was there in the middle of an exciting time of scientific breakthroughs like James Chadwick's discovering the neutron, John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton transmuting lithium with high-energy protons, and Patrick Blackett and Giuseppe Occhialini using cloud chambers to demonstrate the production of electron pairs and showers by gamma radiation
      • TIFR comes into being : With the help of J.R.D.Tata, played an instrumental role in the establishment of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay in 1945
      • Technology for Indian atomic energy programme : For serious technology development for Indian atomic energy programme , 1200 acres of land was acquired at Trombay from the Bombay Government and the Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay (AEET) started functioning in 1954. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was also established in 1954
      • Father of three stage nuclear programme based on Thorium, not Uranium : Bhabha formulated a strategy of focussing on extracting power from the country's vast thorium reserves rather than its meagre uranium reserves - a unique approach in the world, which ultimately became India's three stage nuclear power programme. Bhabha stressed on it as Indian thorium reserves were at 5 lac tonnes, while uranium weren't even 10% of it
      • Death and conspiracy theories : Died in an unfortunate accident when his Air India Flight 101 crashed near Mont Blanc, Switzerland, on 24 January 1966. Of the many conspiracy theories, a prominent one is that the American CIA, wary of India's nuclear programme espeically after 1965 defeat of Pakistan (a US ally), eliminated Dr Bhabha by either planting a bomb in the plane, or some other means. That logic is extended to the death (elimination by poisoning) of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri also, at Tashkent in 1966 (post the 1965 war)



    All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 





    17 August, 2017 - Masayoshi Son


    http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



    • [message]
      • MASAYOSHI SON Korean-Japanese mega Technology investor, founder of SoftBank, Richest Japanese man, [Born August 11, 1957 (Age 60)]
      • The biggest technology Vision Fund ever : Built the biggest technology fund ever (SoftBank Vision Fund) to invest in futuristic companies and projets. Saudi Arabia's government is the biggest investor with commitments of as much as $45 billion over five years. Apple, chip firm Qualcomm, contract manufacturing firm Foxconn, and the family office of software billionaire Larry Ellison are investors in the Vision Fund.
      • Korean, Japanese : Son is a Korean-descendant or a Zainichi Korean. Grandparent moved from Korea to Japan, and family adopted the Japanese surname Yasumoto 
      • Business : Son pursued his interests in business by securing a meeting with Japan McDonald's president, and started studying English and computer science
      • America : Moved to California at age 16, and finally went to the University of California, Berkeley, majoring in economics and studied computer science. 
      • Microchips! He was fascinated by "microchips" and at a young age became sure that computer technology would ignite the next commercial revolution. Son decided to produce at least one microchip a day. He patented a microchip that he eventually sold to Sharp Electronics for $450,000
      • Son, the role model : Decided to use his Korean-style surname Son when he came back to Japan to become a role model for ethnic Korean children
      • Promises to Trump : In December 2016, Son promised Donald Trump that SoftBank would lead a $50 billion investment from the "SoftBank Vision Fund" into U.S. firms
      • Maximum loss record : Son lost the most money in modern history, when he lost more than $70bn during the dot com crash of 2000)
      • Powerful list : Named the world's 45th most powerful person by Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People in 2013
      • India Connect : Son is deeply invested into India now, with the largest ever investment of $ 2.4 billion into an Indian company (Flipkart) by any foreign investor ever taking its valuation to more than $ 15 billion; Overall Son has invested more than $ 6 billion in India's ecommerce play


    All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 





    21 August, 2017 - Vishal Sikka


    http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html



    • [message]
      • VISHAL SIKKA ex-Infosys CEO-MD, former SAP honcho, technology visionary (Born 01 June, 1967, Age 50)
      • Technology visionary : Vishal Sikka is a technology visionary who carried out large scale cutting edge innovations in one of the biggest global tech firms SAP AG of Germany, leading all SAP products and innovation globally. Worked for 12 years at SAP, having become their first-ever CTO
      • HANA : An influential advocate for HANA (a breakthrough in enterprise software), SAP's new In-memory database technology, that he led the development of after being appointed CTO 
      • Early life : Born at Shajapur in Madhya Pradesh, he was schooled at Vadodara, and later went to college and joined the bachelors progamme in computer engineering at Maharaja Sayajirao University Baroda. Discontinued the program at MS University and went to Syracuse University, New York to complete a B.S. in computer science. Went on to earn his Ph.D. in 1996 from Stanford University, with a dissertation on 'Integrating Specialized Procedures into Proof Systems'
      • Spectacular career : His performance at SAP was spectacular, and was credited with accelerating SAP’s development processes, transforming its innovation culture and also being the creator of the concept of ‘timeless software’, which is the renewal of products without disruption to customer environments. Sikka was a member of the Executive Board and the Global Managing Board of SAP AG
      • Infosys found him great : His performance was a key in being recruited as the successor to the elite promoter team at Infosys, an Indian IT bellwether firm, in June 2014, as the CEO and MD. He took over from then-CEO S.D. Shibulal, one of Infosys' founders. Inducted as a whole-time director of the Board also. Annual compensation was set at $6 million and stock options worth $5 million. In later months, salary issues became a point of fracture with founder-promoters who considered "compassionate capitalism" as a core value Infosys should not have compromised with
      • A succession gone horribly wrong : On 18th of August 2017 he stepped down as CEO and MD of Infosys, after a long-running war of words and perceptions between him and the Board of Directors on one side, and the founder promoters on the other
      • Powerful! Ranked 32nd of 50 Most powerful people of India in 2017, by India Today magazine
      • Entrepreneurial stings : Founded iBrain which competed at the time with Business Objects, and was acquired by PatternRX, Inc. Founded Bodha.com, focused on developing technology for non-invasive, service-based integration of enterprise applications and information. Was acquired by Peregrine Systems 


    All Govt. Exams  News Headlines   Quizzes  |  UPSC CSE  Quizzes   Current Affairs  Compilations  Answer-writing   |  STUDY RESOURCES  GS-Study Material  |  APTITUDE  Power of Apti  PT Boosters  |  TEST SERIES  CSE 2018 Test Series   Tapasya Annual Package  |  PREMIUM RESOURCES  Here  |  FULL COURSES  Self-Prep Course  Online Course  |  BODHI BOOSTER 


    COMMENTS

    Name

    Ancient History,1,Biodiversity,1,Civils Tapasya - English,4,Climate change,1,Environment & Ecology,1,India's independence struggle,1,Indian history,2,Industrial revolution,1,Periodization,1,UPSC Mains GS I,3,UPSC Mains GS III,1,UPSC Prelims,4,World History,2,
    ltr
    static_page
    Civils Tapasya portal - by PT's IAS Academy: Personality of the Day
    Personality of the Day
    Civils Tapasya bring to you "Personality of the Day". Learn about people who're making waves, or getting hit by them :)
    Civils Tapasya portal - by PT's IAS Academy
    http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html
    http://civils.pteducation.com/
    http://civils.pteducation.com/
    http://civils.pteducation.com/p/personalities.html
    true
    8166813609053539671
    UTF-8
    Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow TO READ FULL BODHI... Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy