Power of Apti - Lesson 6


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Power of Apti - Lesson 6

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   Maths / Arithmetic    Video           Language / Vocab / RC   Video         DI / DS / LR   Video

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Power of Apti - Maths / Arithmetic Questions


Basics of calculations # 6


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Power of Apti - Maths / Arithmetic Video Solutions

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Basics of calculations # 6




Power of Apti - Maths / Arithmetic Solutions

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Basics of calculations # 6



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Power of Apti - Language / Vocab / RC     


Grammar Exercise # 2
(Fill in the blank format)




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Power of Apti - Language / Vocab / RC Video Solutions   
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Grammar Exercise # 2
(Fill in the blank format)







Power of Apti - Language / Vocab / RC Solutions
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Grammar Exercise # 2
(Fill in the blank format)



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Power of Apti - DI / DS / LR 

DI - Fundamental Concepts # 1
(based on Averages - you need it to solve DI sets)



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Power of Apti  - DI / DS / LR Video Solutions
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DI - Fundamental Concepts # 1
(based on Averages - you need it to solve DI sets)






Power of Apti - DI / DS / LR Solutions
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DI - Fundamental Concepts # 1
(based on Averages - you need it to solve DI sets)


SOLUTIONS (view video above to understand in depth)


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Power of Apti - GK / Current Affairs
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1. Thrust on Rail Network expansion : The Union Cabinet has approved a new metro rail policy for expanding the metro network across various cities in the country. The metro policy will talk about standardising norms and developing a procurement mechanism for implementation of the projects. It will also talk about funding and financing. At present, metro projects with a total length of more than 350 km are operational in eight cities - Delhi, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chennai, Kochi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Gurugram. Metro projects are also under way in Hyderabad, Nagpur, Ahmedabad, Pune and Lucknow. For more on rail/road infrastructure related issues, welcome here

2. Technology, mobile phones, China, India and risks! The government of India has asked all smartphone companies (majority Chinese manufacturers) to outline the procedures and processes adopted by them to ensure security and privacy of users' data. The directive comes in the middle of a heated (but not violent, so far) standoff between India and China over Dokalam. In parallel, there are rising concerns over imports of Chinese IT and telecom products. The IT ministry has given time till August 28 to all companies to furnish their responses. There are many international and domestic reports about data leaks from mobile phones and in the first phase, devices and preloaded software and apps will be under scrutiny. Based on the response of the companies, the ministry will initiate verification and audit of devices where required. Warnings of penalties under provisions of IT Act 43 (A) in case stipulated processes are not being followed, have also been hinted. Read more on Cyber-security issues here, on China related issues here, and Telecom related issues here

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3. Israel’s UN bid : The Jewish state of Israel is trying very hard to win a spot on the United Nations Security Council in 2018. Israel is regularly criticised by world powers for its West Bank and East Jerusalem settlements, by which the Palestinians have been marginalised in "their own land". Israel won’t get much support from the 57 Organization of Islamic Cooperation countries. The PM Benjamin Netanyahu has toned down his criticism of what he says is anti-Israeli bias, and he has a powerful ally in Trump. It will be interesting to watch how the UN game plays out. Read about Israel India relations here, and Israel Palestine issues here

4. Huge push to irrigation : The Cabinet has approved extra resources upto Rs. 9020 crore for Long Term Irrigation Fund during the year 2017-18. This is as per requirement during 2017-18 by NABARD. This will be done through issuance of Bonds for ensuring lending rate of 6% per annum (pa) in respect of borrowings for implementation of Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) works of 99 ongoing prioritized irrigation projects along with their command area development (CAD) works under PMKSY. Poor funding had led to many medium and large projects under AIBP not getting completed. In the Budget speech 2016-17, the creation of dedicated Long Term Irrigation Fund (LTIF) in NABARD with an initial corpus of Rs. 20,000 crore for funding of Central and State share for the identified ongoing projects under PMKSY (AIBP and CAD) had been announced. During the year 2016-17, NABARD disbursed aggregate amount of Rs.9086.02 crore under LTIF, out of which Rs. 2414.16 crore was released for Polavaram project (without EBR component) and balance Rs. 6671.86 crore was released to identified projects using EBR. Further, an amount of Rs. 924.9 crore was disbursed as Central Assistance (CA) through budgetary provision. During 2016-17, overall an amount of Rs 2187 crore was raised by NABARD in the form of Government of India fully serviced bond as EBR. Read more on irrigation related issues here.

5. Currency problems for India, weaker Yuan a headache : The weaker yuan is bringing a flood of cheap Chinese goods into India, putting at risk various struggling factories and deeply harming the bilateral trade deficit, already the biggest. There are demands that government must take steps to support domestic companies as well as curb gains in the rupee. India must "reduce dependence on such frivolous Chinese imports". Otherwise, we will erode competitiveness of the Indian companies and put at risk Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s flagship ‘Make in India’ campaign. Already, U.S. has issued multiple threats to brand China a currency manipulator. In parallel, Indian and Chinese soldiers are facing off in the Dokalam plateau of the Himalayas! The risks to India’s economy are sadly compounded due to the GST rollout. Factory output already contracted in June 2017 for the first time in four years, helping Chinese imports. India imports electronic products, engineering goods and chemicals from China, which is India's biggest trading partner. Trade deficit has grown nine-times over the past decade to $49 billion in 2016. This figure was about $51 billion for the fiscal year through March 31, on imports of $61.3 billion. Read more on issues related to Currencies here, and India and global trade here.

6. NAFTA and Donald Trump : Trade negotiators for U.S. President Donald Trump, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto are meeting from Aug. 16-20 in Washington, regarding the future of NAFTA. They will renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement, which came into being in 1994 and is 23 years old now. NAFTA tripled U.S. trade with Canada and Mexico to $1.2 trillion of goods and services in 2016, from about $350 billion in 1993. Predient Trump has stopped talking about killing NAFTA altogether and slapping tariffs on Mexico and Canada. The U.S.’s small goods-and-services trade surplus with Mexico prior to 1994 turned into a deficit of $63 billion in 2016, which Trump presented as evidence that NAFTA is a bad deal. Ultimately, the President wants a lower trade deficit with Mexico. Read more on trade blocs here.

7. Status report on UDAY scheme of Power sector : Due to the terribly bad financial situation of the core power sector in India, the Modi government had decided to overhaul the entire working of it. Hence, the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) was launched in November, 2015. By today, the participating States of UDAY have taken over the targeted debt of Rs.2.09 lakh crores of their DISCOMs under borrowing exemption from the FRBM Act given in UDAY for the years 2015-16 and 2016-17. The process of States taking over the targeted debts and issuing them as SDL Bonds has now been completed. The participating DISCOMs have to issue Bonds worth approximately Rs.37,000 crores. Rest of the debt with DISCOMs is mostly in the nature of CAPEX debt, which pays for itself, or Scheme based debt, which converts into grants fully or partially. Thus, they are not required to be taken over by the States. As per the provisions of UDAY Scheme, the States would start taking over losses of DISCOMs in a graded manner from now on, starting with taking over 5% of the losses of FY17 from the current financial year. Continued, concerted and coordinated efforts by the Centre, States and DISCOMs, in the spirit of cooperative and competitive federalism, would help turn around the Distribution Sector by FY19. Read about many government schemes, here

8. I
PR agreements between India and Sweden : The government has approved an MoU between India and Sweden on IPRs for establishing a wide ranging and flexible mechanism through which best practices exchange will happen. The MoU will help India exchange experiences in the innovation and IP ecosystems that will substantially benefit entrepreneurs, investors and businesses on both sides. It will be a landmark step forward in India's journey towards becoming a major player in global Innovation and will further the objectives of National IPR Policy, 2016. A Joint Coordination Committee (JCC) will decide cooperation activities to be taken under the MoU in areas like exchange of best practices, experiences and knowledge on IP awareness among the public, businesses and educational institutions of both countries etc. Also, cooperation to understand how Traditional Knowledge is protected; and the exchange of best practices, including traditional knowledge related databases and awareness raising of existing IP systems will happen. Read more on IPR related issues here |  Read about TKDL and Bio Piracy here

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9. Nepal ties up with China : Chinese Vice-Premier Wang Yang was present in Kathmandu to sign some deals with Nepal recently, including an agreement to undertake a feasibility study to explore natural gas and petroleum resources. China was ready to help Nepal increase its self-sufficiency on energy and as per the aid package, China agreed to provide Nepal with a grant to help it restore border bridges and facilities at Tatopani port – a joint venture development project between the two countries – that were damaged in the earthquake in April 2015. Both China and India are attempting to boost their links with South Asian nations. Before heading to Kathmandu, Wang had attended Pakistan’s Independence Day celebrations and promised to push for the development of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The dispute between China and India has created a dilemma for Nepal, and it wants to remain neutral. Read more on South Asia here

10. Disinvestment is on the cards for sure : The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the procedure and mechanism for Strategic Disinvestment as per the proposal by Department of Investment and public Asset Management (DIPAM) : (a) For setting up an Alternative Mechanism (AM) consisting of the Finance Minister, Minister for Road Transport & Highways and Minister of Administrative Department, to decide on the matters relating to terms and conditions of the sale from the stage of inviting of Express of Interests (Eols) till inviting of financial bid; and (a) For empowering the Core Group of Secretaries (CGD) to take policy decisions with regard to procedural issues and to consider deviations as necessary from time to time for effective implementation of decisions of CCEA. The approval will help in speedy completion of strategic disinvestment transactions. Read more on disinvestment here





Q1. The Metro Rail Policy approved by the Union Cabinet will
(Indian Economy, Dynamic)
(1) strive to rapidly connect remote areas with urban metro networks
(2) focus on expansion of metro rail network in Indian cities
(3) focus on funding, financing, procurement norms
(4) Both (2) and (3) above

Q2. 
The government of India has instructed the smartphone maker companies regarding explaining their processes to protect users' data. Why?
(Science and Technology, Dynamic)
(1) There are serious concerns that users' data may be compromised, pertinent in light of Chinese threats on the border, and majority handset companies in Indian market being Chinese
(2) There are concerns that users' data may be sold to various agencies, in breach of confidentiality clauses signed
(3) The concern pertains to cyber security in light of evolving techno-global commercial challenges of the new millennium
(4) There are reports that Chinese PLA has infiltrated India through these handset makers, and can launch a big cyber-attack any day it wants to

Q3. Which of these is true regarding Israel (August 2017)?
(World Politics, Dynamic)
(1) The PM Mr. Netanyahu is under severe attack on various corruption charges
(2) It is currently being run by a right-wing government that adopts aggressive tactics in dealing with enemies
(3) President Trump is not inimical towards Israel as of now
(4) All of the above

Q4. With reference to irrigation in India, what do these terms stand for - AIBP, CAD, PMKSY, LTIF ?
(Government schemes, Dynamic)
(1) Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme, Current Account Deficit, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Long Term Irrigation Fund
(2) Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme, Command Area Development, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Long Term Irrigation Fund
(3) Advanced Irrigation Benefits Programme, Command Area Development, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Long Term Irrigation Fund
(4) Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme, Command Area Development, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Lower Term Rate Irrigation Fund

Q5. Which of these is the reason for the surge in Chinese imports into India recently?
(Indian Economy, Dynamic)
(1) The appreciation in rupee, making yuan cheaper for importers
(2) The depreciation in rupee, making yuan expensive for imports
(3) The appreciation in rupee, making yuan cheaper and aided further by currency manipulation by the Chinese
(4) The depreciation in rupee, making yuan cheaper and aided further by currency manipulation by the Chinese






Q6. The stark fact about NAFTA is that
(Trade blocs, Dynamic)
(1) America's trade with Canada and Mexico grew by nearly 3.5 times in the 23 years of NAFTA's existence
(2) America's trade with Canada and New Mexico grew by nearly 3.5 times in the 23 years of NAFTA's existence
(3) America's trade with Japan and Mexico grew by nearly 3.5 times in the 23 years of NAFTA's existence
(4) America's trade with Canada and Panama grew by nearly 3.5 times in the 23 years of NAFTA's existence

Q7. Which of these is not true regarding the UDAY scheme in the power sector?
(Infrastructure, Dynamic)
(1) It was a scheme to help the nearly bankrupt and sinking power sector utilities to stand on their feet again
(2) It was compulsory for all states to participate in it from the start
(3) It was a scheme to ultimately bring back on track, by 2019, the financial status of the state level power companies
(4) It was a centrally designed and managed scheme, run by participation from the participating states


Q8. The IPR agreements between India and Sweden are intended to  
(IPR, Dynamic)
(1) bring in higher investments from Sweden in times to come
(2) create a global behemoth in IPR in south Asia for the first time
(3) ensure that best practices get exchanged and mutual knowledge sharing happens
(4) None of the above

Q9. What is Nepal's stand towards China, and India?
(Regional Politics, Dynamic)
(1) Nepal has aligned itself with the Chinese, and is opening up its businesses and economy to large scale investments from China
(2) Nepal has assumed a neutral stand, and has indicated that if India keeps supporting it financially, it may vote against China at the UN
(3) Just like Bhutan, Nepal has come out openly in support of India on matters related to China
(4) Nepal has assumed a neutral stand, and is not averse to taking Chinese financial help for projects

Q10. What is the DIPAM, in context of disinvestment in India?
(Institutions and bodies, Dynamic)
(1) The Department of International and Private Asset Management
(2) The Department of Investment and Private Asset Management
(3) The Department of Investment and Public Asset Management
(4) The Department of Investigation of Public Asset Management






ANSWERS TO THE QUIZ

Q1.(4)  |  Q2.(1)  |  Q3.(4)  |  Q4.(2)  |  Q5.(1)  |  Q6.(1)  |  Q7.(2)  |  Q8.(3)  |  Q9.(4)  |  Q10.(3)









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Civils Tapasya portal - by PT's IAS Academy: Power of Apti - Lesson 6
Power of Apti - Lesson 6
POWER OF APTI - LESSON 6 : Power of Apti is your classroom in your hands, 24x7, with all aptitude subjects covered. VIdeo explanations included :) Happy Success!
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