Power of Apti - Lesson 3


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Power of Apti - Lesson 3


   Maths / Arithmetic    Video           Language / Vocab / RC   Video         DI / DS / LR   Video

   GK / Current Affairs   Video        ALL LESSONS


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Power of Apti - Maths / Arithmetic Questions


Basics of calculations # 3


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Power of Apti - Maths / Arithmetic Video Solutions

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Basics of calculations # 3




Power of Apti - Maths / Arithmetic Solutions

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Basics of calculations # 3



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Power of Apti - Language / Vocab / RC     


Mixed Language Exercise # 1

Please select the pair of words or phrases given in each question that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed by the capitalised pair:

1. WALLET : CREDIT CARDS
(1) basketball : hoop
(2) vase : water
(3) ocean : lake
(4) food : pantry

2. APPREHENSIVE : PETRIFIED
(1) emotional : accord
(2) elated : deaden
(3) sincere : satisfied
(4) funny : hilarious

Choose the option FARTHEST in meaning to the lead word given:

3. VITRIOLIC
(1) humble
(2) pleasant
(3) retiring
(4) thoughtful

Choose the option which best fits the blank.

4. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye, having become a manifesto for psychopaths and potential miscreants, is viewed by many high-school administrators as too ... to be suitable for teenage students.
(1) austere
(2) insipid
(3) provocative
(4) aberrant
(5) progressive


Choose the word closest in meaning to the word within quotation marks (“  ”).

5. Mozart’s “partiality” for chocolate from Salzburg resulted in today’s famous Mozart Kugeln.
(1) dislike
(2) preference
(3) aversion              
(4) abhorrence

6. The artist’s “profile” can be found carved into the cave walls.
(1) vignette              
(2) outline                
(3) description             
(4) decor 

7. Janet’s “profuse” use of the adjective like bothered the professor.
(1) incorrect              
(2) delayed                
(3) plentiful               
(4) subserved

Match the word in the numbered list with the correct definition on the alphabetical list.

8. Subsequent       
9. Good-natured  
10. Nativity                              

c. The state of being born, esp. with reference to the place of birth
h. Withdrawal of an opinion, statement or promise as inaccurate or unjustified
l. Occurring or coming later or after; following in order of succession 





Power of Apti - Language / Vocab / RC Video Solutions   
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Mixed Language Exercise # 1







Power of Apti - Language / Vocab / RC Solutions
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Mixed Language Exercise # 1


SOLUTIONS (view video above to understand in depth)


1. Ans.(2)

2. Ans.(4)

3. The correct answer is (2). Vitriolic means bitter and is commonly used to describe a person’s personality. A pleasant personality is contrary to a vitriolic (bitter) one.

4. The correct response is (3). A miscreant is a villain, scoundrel or criminal. The sentence infers that Catcher In the Rye might provoke (incite) potential miscreants to engage in violent antisocial behaviour.

5. Ans.(2). Partiality means a particular liking or fondness for something (inclination, predilection, predisposition) and preference in option 2 means a greater liking for one alternative over another. The rest are antonyms.

6. Ans.(2). The word profile means a drawing or other representation of such an outline. This is nearest in meaning to “outline” in option 2. Vignette in option 1 means a small illustration or portrait which fades into its background without a definite border. The rest of the options have no connection to the given word.

7. Ans.(3). Profuse means plentiful, copious and abundant and hence is nearest to option 3. The rest of the options are incorrect in the given context.

8. l  

9. b

10. c








Power of Apti - DI / DS / LR 

Data Interpretation # 2 - Line Graph


DIRECTIONS: The following pie chart shows the monthly expenditure of a family on various heads. Complete the entries in the table provided after the pie chart and then answer the questions that follow.


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1. For which share is the average price for the six given months less than its price in January 1997?
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

2. The percentage increase in the price from January to February is least in the case of
(1) A
(2) B
(3) D
(4) All equal

3. If Stability Index for the given half year is defined as [(Price in June - Price in January) / Price in January] x 100, then Stability Index is greatest for
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

4. A man buys 100 shares of A in January and sells them in February. With this money, he is able to buy X shares of C in June. The value of X is
(1) 133
(2) 234
(3) 315
(4) 128

5. The average price of A over the six months
(1) is greater than that of B
(2) is less than that of B
(3) is equal to that of B
(4) None of the above






Power of Apti  - DI / DS / LR Video Solutions
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Data Interpretation # 2 - Line Graph






Power of Apti - DI / DS / LR Solutions
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Data Interpretation # 2 - Line Graph


SOLUTIONS (view video above to understand in depth)







Power of Apti - GK / Current Affairs
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1. The price of Demonetisation! The government has paid a huge price for demonetisation. The RBI transfer to the government will be only Rs.30,659 crore, less than half the amount- Rs.65,876 crore it transferred to last year, implying lesser non-tax revenues to the government this year. The reduction in the transfer of surplus to the government could be due to a number of factors including higher cost of printing new currency notes and cost of managing the mess out of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes ban. Throughout the year the reverse repo has been high that means that RBI has to pay to banks. Please recall that a theory doing the rounds in Nov-Dec 2016 was that the govt. will reap a windfall as a one-time huge 'dividend' (payout) from RBI as a large part of its liabilities will get erased (due to lot of cash never returning to the system). Exactly the reverse has happened! Read all about all these technical aspects here

2. Capital import from China, into Egypt : Egypt's newest capital city's project moved a step closer to reality with the announcement that Chinese developers will  fund the mega project. The China Fortune Land Development Company (CFLD) agreed to provide $20 billion for the currently unnamed city. The  city to be constructed in the desert to the East of Cairo would become the residence of government, and it is presented as a far modern vision than the current capital. Proposals for the city include housing for atleast five million people, over 1,000 mosques, smart villages, industrial zones, a 5,000-seat conference center, and the world's largest park. These mega investments by the Chinese are incomparable for most other nations in the world, including India. It remains to be seen how much money they make in the long run, or end up becoming another sophisticated "land-grab". Read about Sri Lanka and Hambantota Port here.

3. Defence Procurement in India : The NITI Aayog is in discussions with the Defence Ministry to make the procedures for defence procurement more result oriented by Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and fast-tracking it by removing trials and “benchmarking” in certain cases. Niti Aayog has proposed to the MOD to remove benchmarking in competitive bids but letting it remain in nominated acquisitions. When the air force and navy want the same equipment in larger or same numbers, Niti Aayog has proposed that orders can be merged to increase efficiency and give incentive to defence companies.

4. Home-Grown Defence : The army is in talks with the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and other private firms regarding projects which are to be manufactured under the ‘Make’ category of acquisition of the Defence Procurement Procedure-2016. Under this category, an equipment has be developed and manufactured by an Indian vendor. With the aim of indigenisation of defence equipments, the Defence Ministry has approved projects worth crores for the Indian Army, which are to be developed and manufactured by the Indian private industry. These are meant to enhance India’s combat capabilities for war and counter-terrorist operations. Read many more insights on Indian defence here.

5. India and US toc o-host Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) : The event scheduled at Hyderabad from 28-30 November, 2017 was announced by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi who said:  "India and US will co-host the Global Entrepreneurship Summit at Hyderabad from 28-30 November 2017. The Summit is a unique opportunity for bringing together entrepreneurs and start ups with global leaders. Look forward to Ms. Ivanka Trump’s presence at Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017-Hyderabad as the leader of the US delegation." This compilation & quiz prepared by Team Civils Tapasya - PT's IAS Academy

6. Casual Taxpayers alert! The GSTN is issuing various clarifications from time to time. Latest is on Casual taxpayers who conduct businesses occasionally can now register for the goods and services tax (GST), which will allow them to execute work that comes their way once in a while. A casual taxpayer is a person who occasionally undertakes business transactions in a state or union territory where she has no place of business. The registration as a ‘casual taxpayer’ will be valid for 90 days. A taxpayer will also have the option to extend the registration duration once for a maximum of 90 days before the expiry of the initial 90-day period for which registration was granted. Rather than registering as a regular taxpayer and being required to file ‘nil’ returns during off-business months, casual taxpayers can enrol for a limited period of time.

7. National Mission for Clean Ganga : The mission has approved ten projects in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh to the tune of about Rs 2,033 crore. Eight of the ten projects pertain to sewage infrastructure and treatment, one to river front development and one to Ganga Knowledge Centre. These projects were approved in the 5th meeting of the Executive Committee of National Mission for Clean Ganga.All projects will be funded 100 per cent by the Central Government.

8. South China Sea getting hotter : A U.S. Navy destroyer carried out a “freedom of navigation operation” on Thursday, coming within 12 nautical miles of an artificial island built up by China in the South China Sea, U.S. officials told Reuters.The operation came as President Donald Trump's administration seeks Chinese cooperation in dealing with North Korea's missile and nuclear programs and could complicate efforts to secure a common stance. The officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the USS John S. McCain traveled close to Mischief Reef in the Spratly Islands, among a string of islets, reefs and shoals. China has territorial disputes with its neighbors over the area.

9. Economic Survey Part II : The second part of Economic Survey wastabled in Parliament. It has observed a new optimism on structural reforms in the Indian economy. This is also drafted by the CEA (Chief Economic Advisor) Arvind Subramanian, and says that optimism about the medium-term prospects for the Indian economy has been created by many of the structural reform actions and developments. The biggest of them is the launch of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). GST will further cooperative federalism, reduce corruption and leakage, simplify complex tax structure and unify tax rates across the country, and create a common market. Enrol in our Online Economic Survey course here

10. Dokalam issue, continued : The Army’s 33 Corps, responsible for the security of the Sikkim border, has advanced its annual exercises to end August. However, Army sources denied reports of a border village being evacuated.The Indian Army was tight-lipped about the move, even as some reports spoke of China beefing up its military presence in the vicinity of the standoff site in Doklam in recent days. The development comes even as the Chinese side continues to up its rhetoric. State-run China Daily on Wednesday warned: “The countdown to a clash between the two forces has begun, and the clock is ticking away the time to what seems to be an inevitable conclusion This compilation & quiz prepared by Team Civils Tapasya - PT's IAS Academy





Power of Apti - Quiz on GK / Current Affairs

Q1. What has been the "price" that the government seems to have paid for the demonetisation exercise, 2016?
(Indian Economy, Dynamic)
(1) The RBI has refused to transfer surplus liquidity to the government
(2) The amount of dividend that the RBI pays the government has almost halved
(3) The RBI has doubled the dividend it pays the government, thereby harming its own balance sheet
(4) None of the above

Q2. What are the Chinese now about to do in Egypt?
(World Politics, Dynamic)
(1) They will be creating a whole new capital at a huge cost
(2) They propose to recreate a copy of Cairo, albeit a modern version, to the West of Nile
(3) They are redoing the entire capital city of Cairo, with a cost of USD 20 billion
(4) They are investing in another military base, after the first one in Africa at Djibouti

Q3. What is the objective of the NITI Aayog's exercise with the Defence Ministry regarding procurements?
(Defence and Military, Dynamic)
(1) To help the military rapidly acquire assets from abroad
(2) To push the Make in India programme
(3) To make only Indian purchases mandatory
(4) To make defence procurement procedures result-oriented

Q4. Which of these is true regarding the Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017? 
This compilation & quiz prepared by Team Civils Tapasya - PT's IAS Academy)
(Entrepreneurship and startups, Dynamic)
(1) It will be hosted by US and India at Bangalore, in September 2017
(2) President Donald Trump and Ms Ivanka Trump will grace the event
(3) The amount of funding expected at the event for startups is more than $ 1 billion
(4) None of the above

Q5. As per the GSTN, who is a 'casual taxpayer'?
(Taxation and revenues, Dynamic)
(1) A person who occasionally undertakes business transactions in a state or union territory where she has no place of business
(2) A person who regularly undertakes business transactions in a state or union territory where she has no place of business
(3) A company of at least 3 Directors that occasionally undertakes business transactions in a state or union territory where she has no place of business
(4) A casual taxpayer is a person who occasionally undertakes business transactions abroad






Q6.  What is the objective of the American Navy in challenging Chinese claims in the South China sea, especially near the artificial islands built by China?
(Defence and Military, Dynamic)
(1) Freedom of Navigation operations
(2) Freedom of Commerce operations
(3) Freedom of World Trade operations
(4) Freedom of EEZ operations

Q7. The Economic Survey Part II was presented in the Parliament. Who has authored it?
(People and Personalities, Static)
(1) Shri Arvind Panagariya
(2) Shri Subramanyam Das
(3) Shri Arvind Subramanian
(4) Shri Arun Jaitley

[##link## Go to July 2017 content]

Q8. Which body has offered to relocate the Babri Masjid a certain distance away from the main site? This compilation & quiz prepared by Team Civils Tapasya - PT's IAS Academy)
(Religion, Dynamic)
(1) Shia and Sunni Waqf Board
(2) Sunni Waqf Board
(3) Shia Waqf Board
(4) All India Progressive Muslims Board

Q9. Which American territory is considered to under imminent danger from another world power? Which power?
(World Politics, Dynamic)
(1) Pyongyang, South Korea
(2) Guam, North Korea
(3) Okinawa, North Korea
(4) Guam, DPRV

Q10. Which of these, among other things, could have resulted in the drastic reduction in dividend paid by the RBI to the government this year?
(Indian Economy, Static)
(1) Cost of extra printing of notes
(2) Cost of emergency transportation of notes across India
(3) Cost of redesigning of new currency notes
(4) Both (1) and (2)






ANSWERS TO THE QUIZ

Q1.(2)  |  Q2.(1)  |  Q3.(4)  |  Q4.(4)  |  Q5.(1)  |  Q6.(1)  |  Q7.(3)  |  Q8.(3)  |  Q9.(2)  |  Q10.(4)









Power of Apti - GK / Current Affairs Videos











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Civils Tapasya portal - by PT's IAS Academy: Power of Apti - Lesson 3
Power of Apti - Lesson 3
POWER OF APTI - LESSON 3 : Power of Apti is your classroom in your hands, 24x7, with all aptitude subjects covered. VIdeo explanations included :) Happy Success!
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